OBJECTIVE: diagnosing thyroid nodules preoperatively using traditional diagnostic tools -ultrasonography (US) and cytology - still carries a considerable degree of uncertainty and surgery is recommended for a far from negligible number of patients simply for diagnostic purposes. Thyroid elastosonography (USE) and BRAF analysis have recently proved useful in detecting thyroid malignancies. The aim of this study is to establish whether combining USE and BRAF testing ameliorates preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules candidates for intervention by conventional approaches, thereby avoiding the need for diagnostic surgical procedures. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: we retrospectively analyzed the files of 155 consecutive patients with 164 nodules, all assessed by ultrasonography, cytology, USE and BRAF testing, who underwent thyroid surgery. RESULTS: of the 164 nodules, 74 (45%) were benign and 90 (55%) were malignant at final histology. Combining ultrasonography and cytology identified 21 (13%) as benign, 93 (57%) as malignant or probably malignant, and 50 (30%) as "suspended" (when the combined test was not able to classify the node as benign or malignant) with a 99% sensitivity, 28% specificity, 63% PPV, 95% NPV, and 67% accuracy. Combining USE and BRAF testing indicated that 59 (36%) were benign, 74 (45%) were malignant, and 31 (19%) were in a "suspended" category, with a 95% sensitivity, 74% specificity, 82% PPV, 93% NPV and 86% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: in assessing thyroid nodules suspected of malignancy, the combined analysis of USE and BRAF is equally sensitive and more specific than conventional procedures, achieving more accurate preoperative diagnoses than US and cytology combined. USE and BRAF analysis for thyroid nodule evaluation might reduce the number of unnecessary surgical procedures.

Comparison Of The Diagnostic Accuracy Of Combined Elastosonography And Braf Analysis Versus Cytology And Ultrasonography For Thyroid Nodule Suspected Of Malignancy.

BAROLLO, SUSI;PENNELLI, GIANMARIA;GIRELLI, MARIA ELISA MARISA;PELIZZO, MARIA ROSA;WATUTANTRIGE FERNANDO, SARA;MANTERO, FRANCO;RUGGE, MASSIMO;MIAN, CATERINA
2012

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: diagnosing thyroid nodules preoperatively using traditional diagnostic tools -ultrasonography (US) and cytology - still carries a considerable degree of uncertainty and surgery is recommended for a far from negligible number of patients simply for diagnostic purposes. Thyroid elastosonography (USE) and BRAF analysis have recently proved useful in detecting thyroid malignancies. The aim of this study is to establish whether combining USE and BRAF testing ameliorates preoperative diagnosis of thyroid nodules candidates for intervention by conventional approaches, thereby avoiding the need for diagnostic surgical procedures. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: we retrospectively analyzed the files of 155 consecutive patients with 164 nodules, all assessed by ultrasonography, cytology, USE and BRAF testing, who underwent thyroid surgery. RESULTS: of the 164 nodules, 74 (45%) were benign and 90 (55%) were malignant at final histology. Combining ultrasonography and cytology identified 21 (13%) as benign, 93 (57%) as malignant or probably malignant, and 50 (30%) as "suspended" (when the combined test was not able to classify the node as benign or malignant) with a 99% sensitivity, 28% specificity, 63% PPV, 95% NPV, and 67% accuracy. Combining USE and BRAF testing indicated that 59 (36%) were benign, 74 (45%) were malignant, and 31 (19%) were in a "suspended" category, with a 95% sensitivity, 74% specificity, 82% PPV, 93% NPV and 86% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS: in assessing thyroid nodules suspected of malignancy, the combined analysis of USE and BRAF is equally sensitive and more specific than conventional procedures, achieving more accurate preoperative diagnoses than US and cytology combined. USE and BRAF analysis for thyroid nodule evaluation might reduce the number of unnecessary surgical procedures.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2503211
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