A methodology for the characterization of kinetochore-containing (CREST+) micronuclei (MN), based on the use of antikinetochore antibodies (derived from CREST patients) and indirect immunofluorescence, was applied to mouse bone marrow erythrocytes. The proposed protocol allows us to obtain fluorescent signals of good quality and highly reproducible data. The clastogenic agent mitomycin C (MMC; 1 mg/kg body wt) and the two aneugenic compounds chloral hydrate (CH; 200 mg/kg body wt) and colchicine (COL; 1 mg/kg body wt) were used to verify the sensitivity of this approach to chemicals with different mechanisms of action. These compounds were tested at a 20 h time interval from treatment and all of them were able to significantly increase (P < 0.001) the frequency of MN in polychromatic erythrocytes. Of the MN observed in preparations from control animals, 45% were CREST+ and this percentage increased significantly (P < 0.001) after treatment with CH or COL. On the contrary, only 22% CREST+ MN were found after treatment with MMC (statistical comparison with the control value: P < 0.001). The CREST characterization of MN induced in vivo in mouse bone marrow allows us to infer the origin of MN formation, thus contributing to the identification of aneugenic agents.

Identification of kinetochore-containing (CREST+) micronuclei in mouse bone marrow erythrocytes.

RUSSO, ANTONELLA;MAJONE, FRANCA
1992

Abstract

A methodology for the characterization of kinetochore-containing (CREST+) micronuclei (MN), based on the use of antikinetochore antibodies (derived from CREST patients) and indirect immunofluorescence, was applied to mouse bone marrow erythrocytes. The proposed protocol allows us to obtain fluorescent signals of good quality and highly reproducible data. The clastogenic agent mitomycin C (MMC; 1 mg/kg body wt) and the two aneugenic compounds chloral hydrate (CH; 200 mg/kg body wt) and colchicine (COL; 1 mg/kg body wt) were used to verify the sensitivity of this approach to chemicals with different mechanisms of action. These compounds were tested at a 20 h time interval from treatment and all of them were able to significantly increase (P < 0.001) the frequency of MN in polychromatic erythrocytes. Of the MN observed in preparations from control animals, 45% were CREST+ and this percentage increased significantly (P < 0.001) after treatment with CH or COL. On the contrary, only 22% CREST+ MN were found after treatment with MMC (statistical comparison with the control value: P < 0.001). The CREST characterization of MN induced in vivo in mouse bone marrow allows us to infer the origin of MN formation, thus contributing to the identification of aneugenic agents.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2506071
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