Familial chylomicronemia is a rare genetic disorder attributable to the absence of lipoprotein lipase activity or the absence of apo-CII, i.e., the cofactor for the same enzyme. Plasma lipoproteins were analyzed by zonal ultracentrifugation under rate flotation conditions in four patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency and two patients with apo-CII deficiency. Lipoproteins of density less than 1.006 gm/ml, and particularly lipoproteins with Sf greater than 100, were present in very high concentrations. Low levels of density greater than 1.006 gm/ml lipoproteins were observed. This fraction was composed of some different and discrete lipoprotein populations: intermediate-density lipoproteins (in three of six patients, density = 1.006 to 1.019 gm/ml); low-density lipoprotein LDL2 (in all patients, density = 1.019 to 1.045 gm/ml); low-density lipoprotein LDL3 (in all patients, density = 1.045 to 1.063 gm/ml); high-density lipoprotein HDL2 (in four of six patients); and high-density lipoproteins HDL3 (in all patients). LDL3 was never observed in normal participants by means of zonal ultracentrifugation; this subclass of low-density lipoproteins seems to correspond to LDL particles of very low Sf (2 to 5) previously identified by analytical ultracentrifugation in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. LDL3 was isolated by means of zonal ultracentrifugation as a single and discrete peak in all patients. Lipoproteins of density greater than 1.006 gm/ml were rich in triglycerides and poor in cholesterol in comparison with normal lipoproteins. The heterogeneity of low-density lipoproteins (particularly the appearance of LDL3), low levels of total high-density lipoproteins, and lower HDL3 flotation rate than normal are typical aspects of serum lipoproteins in these patients. No significant differences in the lipoprotein profiles of the patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency in comparison with patients with apo-CII deficiency were found. In both groups of patients, the plasma lipoproteins profile and the altered lipoprotein composition could be related to the impaired catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins caused by the absence of lipoprotein lipase activity

The plasma lipoproteins in familial chylomicronemia. Analysis by zonal ultracentrifugation

MANZATO, ENZO;MARIN, RAFFAELLA;
1984

Abstract

Familial chylomicronemia is a rare genetic disorder attributable to the absence of lipoprotein lipase activity or the absence of apo-CII, i.e., the cofactor for the same enzyme. Plasma lipoproteins were analyzed by zonal ultracentrifugation under rate flotation conditions in four patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency and two patients with apo-CII deficiency. Lipoproteins of density less than 1.006 gm/ml, and particularly lipoproteins with Sf greater than 100, were present in very high concentrations. Low levels of density greater than 1.006 gm/ml lipoproteins were observed. This fraction was composed of some different and discrete lipoprotein populations: intermediate-density lipoproteins (in three of six patients, density = 1.006 to 1.019 gm/ml); low-density lipoprotein LDL2 (in all patients, density = 1.019 to 1.045 gm/ml); low-density lipoprotein LDL3 (in all patients, density = 1.045 to 1.063 gm/ml); high-density lipoprotein HDL2 (in four of six patients); and high-density lipoproteins HDL3 (in all patients). LDL3 was never observed in normal participants by means of zonal ultracentrifugation; this subclass of low-density lipoproteins seems to correspond to LDL particles of very low Sf (2 to 5) previously identified by analytical ultracentrifugation in patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. LDL3 was isolated by means of zonal ultracentrifugation as a single and discrete peak in all patients. Lipoproteins of density greater than 1.006 gm/ml were rich in triglycerides and poor in cholesterol in comparison with normal lipoproteins. The heterogeneity of low-density lipoproteins (particularly the appearance of LDL3), low levels of total high-density lipoproteins, and lower HDL3 flotation rate than normal are typical aspects of serum lipoproteins in these patients. No significant differences in the lipoprotein profiles of the patients with lipoprotein lipase deficiency in comparison with patients with apo-CII deficiency were found. In both groups of patients, the plasma lipoproteins profile and the altered lipoprotein composition could be related to the impaired catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins caused by the absence of lipoprotein lipase activity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2507513
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