Apolipoprotein(apo) E deficiency is an inherited disease characterized by type III hyperlipoproteinemia and less than 1% normal plasma apoE concentration. The role of apoE in LDL metabolism was investigated by quantitating the metabolism of radiolabeled normal and apoE-deficient LDL in both normal and apoE-deficient subjects. ApoE deficiency resulted in an accumulation of plasma IDL, and a decreased synthesis of LDL consistent with a block in the conversion of IDL to LDL. The LDL isolated from the apoE-deficient patient was similar to normal LDL in hydrated density, size, and composition. However, the apoE-deficient LDL was kinetically abnormal with delayed catabolism in both normal subjects and the apoE-deficient patient. In addition, the catabolism of normal LDL in the apoE-deficient subject was increased. These results were interpreted as indicating that apoE is necessary for the conversion of IDL to LDL and the formation of kinetically normal LDL. The rapid catabolism of normal LDL in the apoE-deficient patient suggests an up-regulation of the hepatic LDL receptor pathway. Based on these results, apoE is proposed to play an important role in the conversion of IDL to LDL, the formation of kinetically normal LDL, and the regulation of LDL receptor function

Abnormal low density lipoprotein metabolism in apolipoprotein E deficiency

MANZATO, ENZO;
1986

Abstract

Apolipoprotein(apo) E deficiency is an inherited disease characterized by type III hyperlipoproteinemia and less than 1% normal plasma apoE concentration. The role of apoE in LDL metabolism was investigated by quantitating the metabolism of radiolabeled normal and apoE-deficient LDL in both normal and apoE-deficient subjects. ApoE deficiency resulted in an accumulation of plasma IDL, and a decreased synthesis of LDL consistent with a block in the conversion of IDL to LDL. The LDL isolated from the apoE-deficient patient was similar to normal LDL in hydrated density, size, and composition. However, the apoE-deficient LDL was kinetically abnormal with delayed catabolism in both normal subjects and the apoE-deficient patient. In addition, the catabolism of normal LDL in the apoE-deficient subject was increased. These results were interpreted as indicating that apoE is necessary for the conversion of IDL to LDL and the formation of kinetically normal LDL. The rapid catabolism of normal LDL in the apoE-deficient patient suggests an up-regulation of the hepatic LDL receptor pathway. Based on these results, apoE is proposed to play an important role in the conversion of IDL to LDL, the formation of kinetically normal LDL, and the regulation of LDL receptor function
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2507612
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