Spontaneous in vitro production of HIV-1-specific antibodies, a hallmark of infected subjects, is often down-regulated by the addition of pokeweed mitogen. We observed that a decrease in such ongoing anti-HIV-1 antibody synthesis could also be induced in cultures from most patients by addition of phytohemagglutinin and Concanavalin A, but not by Epstein-Barr virus, a selective B-cell mitogen. In most cases, this down-regulatory effect of mitogens was evident within the first 24h of culture. The observed mitogen-associated decrease in spontaneous antibody synthesis was prevented by treating peripheral blood mononuclear cells with agents inhibiting non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxic activity or by adding third-party cells to the cultures. In most cases, the mitogen-induced effect was also counteracted by removal of T lymphocytes or CD8+ T-cell sub-population. These findings recall a similar phenomenon observed in normal subjects following intentional immunization, and indicate that mitogen-induced down-regulation of spontaneous in vitro anti-HIV-1-antibody production most probably occurs through a lectin-dependent cytotoxic effect on activated B cells.

B-cell Activation During Hiv-1 Infection .3. Down-regulating Effect of Mitogens

AMADORI, ALBERTO;
1991

Abstract

Spontaneous in vitro production of HIV-1-specific antibodies, a hallmark of infected subjects, is often down-regulated by the addition of pokeweed mitogen. We observed that a decrease in such ongoing anti-HIV-1 antibody synthesis could also be induced in cultures from most patients by addition of phytohemagglutinin and Concanavalin A, but not by Epstein-Barr virus, a selective B-cell mitogen. In most cases, this down-regulatory effect of mitogens was evident within the first 24h of culture. The observed mitogen-associated decrease in spontaneous antibody synthesis was prevented by treating peripheral blood mononuclear cells with agents inhibiting non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxic activity or by adding third-party cells to the cultures. In most cases, the mitogen-induced effect was also counteracted by removal of T lymphocytes or CD8+ T-cell sub-population. These findings recall a similar phenomenon observed in normal subjects following intentional immunization, and indicate that mitogen-induced down-regulation of spontaneous in vitro anti-HIV-1-antibody production most probably occurs through a lectin-dependent cytotoxic effect on activated B cells.
1991
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2507711
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