Two types of new nanocomposite proton-exchange membranes, consisting of functionalized and pristine nanoparticles of silica and silicone rubber embedded in a polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) matrix, were prepared. The membrane precursor was obtained from a mechanical rolling process, and the SiO2 nanoparticles were functionalized by soaking the membranes in a solution of 2-(4-chlorosulfonylphenyl)ethyl trichlorosilane. The membranes exhibit a highly compact morphology and a lack of fibrous PTFE. At 125°C, the functionalized membrane has an elastic modulus (2.2 MPa) that is higher than that of pristine Nafion (1.28 MPa) and a conductivity of 3.6 10-3 S/cm despite a low proton-exchange capacity (0.11 meq/g). The good thermal and mechanical stability and conductivity at T>100 °C make these membranes a promising low-cost material for application in proton-exchange membrane fuel cells operating at temperatures higher than 100 °C.

New nanocomposite hybrid inorganic-organic proton conducting membranes based on functionalized silica and PTFE

DI NOTO, VITO;PIGA, MATTEO;GIFFIN, GUINEVERE;NEGRO, ENRICO;FURLAN, CLAUDIO;VEZZU', KETI
2012

Abstract

Two types of new nanocomposite proton-exchange membranes, consisting of functionalized and pristine nanoparticles of silica and silicone rubber embedded in a polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) matrix, were prepared. The membrane precursor was obtained from a mechanical rolling process, and the SiO2 nanoparticles were functionalized by soaking the membranes in a solution of 2-(4-chlorosulfonylphenyl)ethyl trichlorosilane. The membranes exhibit a highly compact morphology and a lack of fibrous PTFE. At 125°C, the functionalized membrane has an elastic modulus (2.2 MPa) that is higher than that of pristine Nafion (1.28 MPa) and a conductivity of 3.6 10-3 S/cm despite a low proton-exchange capacity (0.11 meq/g). The good thermal and mechanical stability and conductivity at T>100 °C make these membranes a promising low-cost material for application in proton-exchange membrane fuel cells operating at temperatures higher than 100 °C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2508153
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