Mucosal blood flow performs an extremely important role in microcirculation wherein alterations necessarily lead to severe gastric and duodenal mucosal lesions. The removal of back-diffused H+ ions through the adaptation of micro-circulatory flow represents a valid defence mechanism. The blood flow's inability to contain H+ back-diffusion lies at the bottom of rapid-onset acute mucosal lesions; moreover, it probably contributes to the onset of chronic ulcer in certain areas already precariously supplied, because of the breakdown of the mucosal barrier or a further reduction in blood supply. Portal hypertension leads to altered blood flow in the gastric microcirculation. This haemo-dynamic condition brings about a series of endoscopically evident changes which are probably a consequence of the conspicuous increase in mucosal and submucosal vascular area. This haemodynamic situation may be an aetiopatho-genetic factor in the cirrhotic subject's marked sensitivity to gastric mucosal damage.

Pathophysiology of the gastric microcirculation.

PLEBANI, MARIO;DI MARIO, FRANCESCO
1992

Abstract

Mucosal blood flow performs an extremely important role in microcirculation wherein alterations necessarily lead to severe gastric and duodenal mucosal lesions. The removal of back-diffused H+ ions through the adaptation of micro-circulatory flow represents a valid defence mechanism. The blood flow's inability to contain H+ back-diffusion lies at the bottom of rapid-onset acute mucosal lesions; moreover, it probably contributes to the onset of chronic ulcer in certain areas already precariously supplied, because of the breakdown of the mucosal barrier or a further reduction in blood supply. Portal hypertension leads to altered blood flow in the gastric microcirculation. This haemo-dynamic condition brings about a series of endoscopically evident changes which are probably a consequence of the conspicuous increase in mucosal and submucosal vascular area. This haemodynamic situation may be an aetiopatho-genetic factor in the cirrhotic subject's marked sensitivity to gastric mucosal damage.
1992
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2508796
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