Syntheses of cyclic kinin analogues with different backbone atom numbers are described, Cyclization, by either the O-benzotriazolyl-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate/1-hydroxybenzotriazole/diisopropylethyl amine (TBTU-HOBt-DIPEA) or the diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPPA) procedure of linear peptides prepared by the solid-phase method based on the g-fluorenyl methyloxycarbonyl chemistry was used for preparing cyclo-Gly-Ile-Ile-Gly-bradykinin, cyclo-Lys-kallidin (cyclo-Lys-Lys-bradykinin) and cyclo-des Arg-bradykinin. Peptides were characterized by amino acid analysis, optical rotation, analytical high-performance liquid chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time flight mass spectrometry. pharmacological experiments showed that cyclo-Gly-Ile-Ile-Gly-bradykinin (39 backbone atoms) and cyclo-Lys-bradykinin (30 backbone atoms) are about equipotent, when tested on the relaxation of the isolated rat duodenum preparation. The potency of cyclo-des Arg-bradykinin is at least three orders of magnitude lower. The potency of cyclo-Lys-Lys-bradykinin (33 backbone atoms) is one tenth the activity of bradykinin but about 10 times higher than the potency of the above-mentioned cyclokinins and makes the latter analogue the most potent end to-end cyclic analogue known currently. The present results, in agreement with data from earlier reports, seem to indicate that the enhancement of the number of backbone atoms in the cyclic kinins first increases and subsequently decreases the potency, whereas a reduction in the atom number from 27 to 24 causes a dramatic decrease in potency. (C) Munksgaard 1997.

Synthesis and biological activities of head-to-tail cyclic bradykinin analogues of varying ring size

GOBBO, MARINA;BIONDI, LAURA;FILIRA, FERNANDO;ROCCHI, RANIERO
1997

Abstract

Syntheses of cyclic kinin analogues with different backbone atom numbers are described, Cyclization, by either the O-benzotriazolyl-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate/1-hydroxybenzotriazole/diisopropylethyl amine (TBTU-HOBt-DIPEA) or the diphenylphosphoryl azide (DPPA) procedure of linear peptides prepared by the solid-phase method based on the g-fluorenyl methyloxycarbonyl chemistry was used for preparing cyclo-Gly-Ile-Ile-Gly-bradykinin, cyclo-Lys-kallidin (cyclo-Lys-Lys-bradykinin) and cyclo-des Arg-bradykinin. Peptides were characterized by amino acid analysis, optical rotation, analytical high-performance liquid chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time flight mass spectrometry. pharmacological experiments showed that cyclo-Gly-Ile-Ile-Gly-bradykinin (39 backbone atoms) and cyclo-Lys-bradykinin (30 backbone atoms) are about equipotent, when tested on the relaxation of the isolated rat duodenum preparation. The potency of cyclo-des Arg-bradykinin is at least three orders of magnitude lower. The potency of cyclo-Lys-Lys-bradykinin (33 backbone atoms) is one tenth the activity of bradykinin but about 10 times higher than the potency of the above-mentioned cyclokinins and makes the latter analogue the most potent end to-end cyclic analogue known currently. The present results, in agreement with data from earlier reports, seem to indicate that the enhancement of the number of backbone atoms in the cyclic kinins first increases and subsequently decreases the potency, whereas a reduction in the atom number from 27 to 24 causes a dramatic decrease in potency. (C) Munksgaard 1997.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2510875
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