Differences in human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 dysregulation in primary solid tumors and metastases may (at least partially) explain human epithelial growth factor receptor 2-targeted therapeutic inconsistencies. Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was tested in a series of 47 radically treated consecutive esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas (male/female, 38/9; mean age, 67.9 years) in both primary cancers and paired synchronous nodal metastases. None of the patients received neoadjuvant therapy. For each case, 2 nonadjacent tissue samples from primary esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma and 2 different metastatic nodes were considered (188 tissue samples in all). Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was assessed by immunohistochemistry (PATHWAY-HER2/neu [4B5]; Ventana Medical Systems, Milan, Italy) and dual chromogenic in situ hybridization (duoCISH; DAKO, Glostrup, Denmark). Immunohistochemistry staining scores were nil in 22 tumors (47%), 1 (21%) in 10, 2 (13%) in 6, and 3 (19%) in 9. Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 gene amplification (25.5%) was associated with more differentiated phenotype (Fisher exact test, P = .039) and advanced tumor stage (Fisher exact test, P = .015). Significant agreement was observed between human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 protein expression (immunohistochemistry) and human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 gene's amplification (chromogenic in situ hybridization) (κ = 0.84, P < .001). Both immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization documented an excellent intratumor agreement in human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status (κ = 0.75, P < .001; κ = 0.88, P < .001, respectively). Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was comparable in primary versus metastatic nodal cancers by both immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization (Cohen Φ, both P < .001). In esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas, human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status (as assessed by immunohistochemistry and/or chromogenic in situ hybridization) is virtually unaffected by intratumor variability; it is consistent with findings in nodal metastases, and it reliably identifies patients with esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma eligible for anti-human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 therapy.

Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status in primary and metastatic esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas.

FASSAN, MATTEO;LUDWIG, KATHRIN;PIZZI, MARCO;GUZZARDO, VINCENZA;ZANINOTTO, GIOVANNI;RUOL, ARTURO;GIACOMELLI, LUCA;ANCONA, ERMANNO;RUGGE, MASSIMO
2012

Abstract

Differences in human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 dysregulation in primary solid tumors and metastases may (at least partially) explain human epithelial growth factor receptor 2-targeted therapeutic inconsistencies. Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was tested in a series of 47 radically treated consecutive esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas (male/female, 38/9; mean age, 67.9 years) in both primary cancers and paired synchronous nodal metastases. None of the patients received neoadjuvant therapy. For each case, 2 nonadjacent tissue samples from primary esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma and 2 different metastatic nodes were considered (188 tissue samples in all). Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was assessed by immunohistochemistry (PATHWAY-HER2/neu [4B5]; Ventana Medical Systems, Milan, Italy) and dual chromogenic in situ hybridization (duoCISH; DAKO, Glostrup, Denmark). Immunohistochemistry staining scores were nil in 22 tumors (47%), 1 (21%) in 10, 2 (13%) in 6, and 3 (19%) in 9. Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 gene amplification (25.5%) was associated with more differentiated phenotype (Fisher exact test, P = .039) and advanced tumor stage (Fisher exact test, P = .015). Significant agreement was observed between human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 protein expression (immunohistochemistry) and human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 gene's amplification (chromogenic in situ hybridization) (κ = 0.84, P < .001). Both immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization documented an excellent intratumor agreement in human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status (κ = 0.75, P < .001; κ = 0.88, P < .001, respectively). Human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status was comparable in primary versus metastatic nodal cancers by both immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization (Cohen Φ, both P < .001). In esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas, human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 status (as assessed by immunohistochemistry and/or chromogenic in situ hybridization) is virtually unaffected by intratumor variability; it is consistent with findings in nodal metastases, and it reliably identifies patients with esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma eligible for anti-human epithelial growth factor receptor 2 therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2515668
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