We describe three athletes who had syncope after (case 1) or during (cases 2, 3) hyperventilation. During the episode, ECG showed prolonged sinus arrest. Clinical data and noninvasive investigations were normal and the phenomenon was not reproducible. Electrophysiological study after autonomic blockade allowed a prolonged intrinsic heart rate in case 1, and abnormal corrected sinus node recovery time in cases 1 and 2. During follow-up, symptomatic sinus arrest provoked by deep inspiration occurred in case 3. These cases document prolonged asystole of unknown etiology, secondary to hyperventilation, and probably caused by different vagally-mediated mechanisms.

Asystole with syncope secondary to hyperventilation in three young athletes.

BUJA, GIANFRANCO;CORRADO, DOMENICO;NAVA, ANDREA
1989

Abstract

We describe three athletes who had syncope after (case 1) or during (cases 2, 3) hyperventilation. During the episode, ECG showed prolonged sinus arrest. Clinical data and noninvasive investigations were normal and the phenomenon was not reproducible. Electrophysiological study after autonomic blockade allowed a prolonged intrinsic heart rate in case 1, and abnormal corrected sinus node recovery time in cases 1 and 2. During follow-up, symptomatic sinus arrest provoked by deep inspiration occurred in case 3. These cases document prolonged asystole of unknown etiology, secondary to hyperventilation, and probably caused by different vagally-mediated mechanisms.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2515722
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