Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNAs) linked to high MW poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) derivatives could be useful conjugates for the direct functionalisation of gold surfaces dedicated to Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR)-based DNA sensing. However their use is hampered by the difficulty to obtain them through a convenient and economical route. In this work we compared three synthetic strategies to obtain PNA–high MW PEO conjugates composed of a) a 15-mer PNA sequence as the probe complementary to genomic DNA of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, b) a PEO trait (2 or 5 KDa MW) and c) a terminal trityl-protected thiol necessary (after acidic deprotection) for grafting to gold surfaces. The 15-mer PNA was obtained by solid-phase synthesis. Its amino terminal group was later condensed to bi-functional PEO derivatives (2 and 5 KDa MW) carrying a Trt-cysteine at one end and a carboxyl group at the other end. The reaction was carried out either in solution, using HATU or PyOxim as coupling agents, or through the solid-phase approach, with 49.6%, 92.1% and 5.2% yield, respectively. A differential solvent extraction strategy for product purification without the need for chromatography is described. The ability of the 5KDa PEO conjugate to act as surface probe for detection was confirmed using a Grating-Coupling Surface Plasmon Resonance (GC-SPR) system. The optimized PEO conjugation and purification protocols are economical and simple enough to be reproduced also within laboratories that are not highly equipped for chemical synthesis.

Synthesis and chromatography-free purification of PNA-PEO conjugates for the functionalisation of gold sensors

DETTIN, MONICA;SILVESTRI, DAVIDE;DANESIN, ROBERTA;CRETAIO, ERICA;CASARIN, ELISABETTA;SONATO, AGNESE;ROMANATO, FILIPPO;MORPURGO, MARGHERITA
2012

Abstract

Peptide Nucleic Acids (PNAs) linked to high MW poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) derivatives could be useful conjugates for the direct functionalisation of gold surfaces dedicated to Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR)-based DNA sensing. However their use is hampered by the difficulty to obtain them through a convenient and economical route. In this work we compared three synthetic strategies to obtain PNA–high MW PEO conjugates composed of a) a 15-mer PNA sequence as the probe complementary to genomic DNA of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, b) a PEO trait (2 or 5 KDa MW) and c) a terminal trityl-protected thiol necessary (after acidic deprotection) for grafting to gold surfaces. The 15-mer PNA was obtained by solid-phase synthesis. Its amino terminal group was later condensed to bi-functional PEO derivatives (2 and 5 KDa MW) carrying a Trt-cysteine at one end and a carboxyl group at the other end. The reaction was carried out either in solution, using HATU or PyOxim as coupling agents, or through the solid-phase approach, with 49.6%, 92.1% and 5.2% yield, respectively. A differential solvent extraction strategy for product purification without the need for chromatography is described. The ability of the 5KDa PEO conjugate to act as surface probe for detection was confirmed using a Grating-Coupling Surface Plasmon Resonance (GC-SPR) system. The optimized PEO conjugation and purification protocols are economical and simple enough to be reproduced also within laboratories that are not highly equipped for chemical synthesis.
2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2525154
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