We report the identification of a protein homologous to a histone H1 in Bordetella pertussis. The B. pertussis histone homologue, BpH1, varies in size in different strains from 182 to 206 amino acids. The variability of the size of the protein is due to gene variability by insertion or deletion of DNA modules. Insertion of a kanamycin cassette into the bpH1 gene generates a BpH1 null mutant with phenotypic properties and growth rate similar to those of the wild-type strain, showing that this gene is dispensable. In vitro, the BpH1 protein prevents chromosomal DNA degradation from DNase I and constrains supercoiled DNA. Transcription of the bpH1 gene is activated during exponential growth of the bacteria, whereas it is repressed during the stationary phase of growth. It is proposed that BpH1 plays a role in chromatin formation and condensation during DNA replication and that repression of transcription depends upon a reduced rate of DNA replication

A novel chromatin-forming histone H1 homologue is encoded by a dispensable and growth-regulated gene in Bordetella pertussis

POLVERINO DE LAURETO, PATRIZIA;
1995

Abstract

We report the identification of a protein homologous to a histone H1 in Bordetella pertussis. The B. pertussis histone homologue, BpH1, varies in size in different strains from 182 to 206 amino acids. The variability of the size of the protein is due to gene variability by insertion or deletion of DNA modules. Insertion of a kanamycin cassette into the bpH1 gene generates a BpH1 null mutant with phenotypic properties and growth rate similar to those of the wild-type strain, showing that this gene is dispensable. In vitro, the BpH1 protein prevents chromosomal DNA degradation from DNase I and constrains supercoiled DNA. Transcription of the bpH1 gene is activated during exponential growth of the bacteria, whereas it is repressed during the stationary phase of growth. It is proposed that BpH1 plays a role in chromatin formation and condensation during DNA replication and that repression of transcription depends upon a reduced rate of DNA replication
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2533870
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