Tunicates are chordate invertebrates, closely related to vertebrates, which represent valuable organisms for the study of a variety of biological processes from an evolutionary point of view. As invertebrates, they rely on innate immunity to cope with foreign, potentially pathogenic material. Among tunicates, the compound ascidian Botryllus schlosseri is emerging as a reliable model organism for the study of innate immune responses. However, there is a general lack of knowledge on the signalling pathways activated during immune responses and, in particular, in phagocytosis. In the present work, we carried out a preliminary investigation of the signalling pathways involved in phagocytosis, with particular reference to MAPK activation. We studied in vitro zymosan phagocytosis in the presence of manumycin A, which inhibit the activation of Ras, PD98059, SP600125 and SB202190, inhibitors of Erk, JNK and p38, respectively, parthenolide, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), inhibiting NF-kB activation. In addition we carried out immunoblot and immunocytochemistry analysis with the use of anti-pErk1/2, anti-pp38, anti-pJNK, anti-NF-kB (p50) and antipan Ras antibodies. Results demonstrate that the recognition of foreign cells triggers a phosphorylation cascade leading to the activation of Ras-like small GTPases, MAPKs and NF-kB and argue in favour of a conservation, also in ascidians, of the main signalling pathways.

Insight on signal transduction pathways involved in phagocytosis in the colonial ascidian Botryllus schlosseri

FRANCHI, NICOLA;SCHIAVON, FILIPPO;BALLARIN, LORIANO
2013

Abstract

Tunicates are chordate invertebrates, closely related to vertebrates, which represent valuable organisms for the study of a variety of biological processes from an evolutionary point of view. As invertebrates, they rely on innate immunity to cope with foreign, potentially pathogenic material. Among tunicates, the compound ascidian Botryllus schlosseri is emerging as a reliable model organism for the study of innate immune responses. However, there is a general lack of knowledge on the signalling pathways activated during immune responses and, in particular, in phagocytosis. In the present work, we carried out a preliminary investigation of the signalling pathways involved in phagocytosis, with particular reference to MAPK activation. We studied in vitro zymosan phagocytosis in the presence of manumycin A, which inhibit the activation of Ras, PD98059, SP600125 and SB202190, inhibitors of Erk, JNK and p38, respectively, parthenolide, N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), inhibiting NF-kB activation. In addition we carried out immunoblot and immunocytochemistry analysis with the use of anti-pErk1/2, anti-pp38, anti-pJNK, anti-NF-kB (p50) and antipan Ras antibodies. Results demonstrate that the recognition of foreign cells triggers a phosphorylation cascade leading to the activation of Ras-like small GTPases, MAPKs and NF-kB and argue in favour of a conservation, also in ascidians, of the main signalling pathways.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2551083
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