The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alpha S) is a critical step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Metal ions such as copper and iron have been shown to bind alpha S, enhancing its fibrillation rate in vitro, alpha S is also susceptible to copper-catalyzed oxidation that involves the reduction of Cu-II to Cu-I and the conversion of O-2 into reactive oxygen species. The mechanism of the reaction is highly selective and site-specific and involves interactions of the protein with both oxidation states of the copper ion. The reaction can induce oxidative modification of the protein, which generally leads to extensive protein oligomerization and precipitation. Cu-II binding to alpha S has been extensively characterized, indicating the N terminus and His-50 as binding donor residues. In this study, we have investigated alpha S-Cu-I interaction by means of NMR and circular dichroism analysis on the full-length protein (alpha S1-140) and on two, designed ad hoc, model peptides: alpha S1-15 and alpha S113-130. In order to identify and characterize the metal binding environment in full-length aS, in addition to Cu-I, we have also used Ag-I as a probe for Cu-I binding. Two distinct Cu-I/Ag-I binding domains with comparable affinities have been identified. The structural rearrangements induced by the metal ions and the metal coordination spheres of both sites have been extensively characterized.

Copper(I)-α-Synuclein Interaction: Structural Description of Two Independent and Competing Metal Binding Sites.

TESSARI, ISABELLA;BUBACCO, LUIGI;
2013

Abstract

The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (alpha S) is a critical step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease. Metal ions such as copper and iron have been shown to bind alpha S, enhancing its fibrillation rate in vitro, alpha S is also susceptible to copper-catalyzed oxidation that involves the reduction of Cu-II to Cu-I and the conversion of O-2 into reactive oxygen species. The mechanism of the reaction is highly selective and site-specific and involves interactions of the protein with both oxidation states of the copper ion. The reaction can induce oxidative modification of the protein, which generally leads to extensive protein oligomerization and precipitation. Cu-II binding to alpha S has been extensively characterized, indicating the N terminus and His-50 as binding donor residues. In this study, we have investigated alpha S-Cu-I interaction by means of NMR and circular dichroism analysis on the full-length protein (alpha S1-140) and on two, designed ad hoc, model peptides: alpha S1-15 and alpha S113-130. In order to identify and characterize the metal binding environment in full-length aS, in addition to Cu-I, we have also used Ag-I as a probe for Cu-I binding. Two distinct Cu-I/Ag-I binding domains with comparable affinities have been identified. The structural rearrangements induced by the metal ions and the metal coordination spheres of both sites have been extensively characterized.
2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2554482
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