A simple carbon paste (CP) electrode, modified with novel maghemite (-Fe2O3) nanoparticles, called SAMNs (suface active maghemite nanoparticles) and characterized by a mean diameter of about 10 nm, has been developed. The electrode catalyzes the electro-reduction of hydrogen peroxide at low applied potentials (-0.1 V vs. SCE). In order to improve the electrocatalytic properties of the modified electrode an ionic liquid, namely 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIM-PF6), was introduced. At -0.1 V, the sensitivity of the SAMN-BMIM-PF6-CP electrode was 206.51 nA µM-1cm-2, with a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.8 µM, in the 0 – 1.5 mM H2O2 concentration range. Furthermore, glucose oxidase was immobilized on the surface of maghemite nanoparticles as a monomolecular layer, by a bridge constituted of rhodamine B isothiocyanate, leading to a fluorescent, magnetic drivable nanocatalyst, containing 10 ± 2 enzyme molecules per nanoparticle. The resulting enzyme electrode presents a linear calibration curve toward glucose in solution in the concentration range of 0 – 1.5 mM glucose, characterized by a sensitivity of 45.85 nA µM-1cm-2 and a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.9 µM. The storage stability of the system was evaluated and a half-life of 2 months was calculated, if the electrode is stored at 4°C in buffer. The present work demonstrates the feasibility of these surface active maghemite nanoparticles as efficient hydrogen peroxide electro-catalyst, which can be easily coupled to hydrogen peroxide producing enzymes in order to develop oxidase based reagentless biosensor devices.

A glucose biosensor based on surface active maghemite nanoparticles

BARATELLA, DAVIDE;MAGRO, MASSIMILIANO;SALVIULO, GABRIELLA;VIANELLO, FABIO
2013

Abstract

A simple carbon paste (CP) electrode, modified with novel maghemite (-Fe2O3) nanoparticles, called SAMNs (suface active maghemite nanoparticles) and characterized by a mean diameter of about 10 nm, has been developed. The electrode catalyzes the electro-reduction of hydrogen peroxide at low applied potentials (-0.1 V vs. SCE). In order to improve the electrocatalytic properties of the modified electrode an ionic liquid, namely 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (BMIM-PF6), was introduced. At -0.1 V, the sensitivity of the SAMN-BMIM-PF6-CP electrode was 206.51 nA µM-1cm-2, with a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.8 µM, in the 0 – 1.5 mM H2O2 concentration range. Furthermore, glucose oxidase was immobilized on the surface of maghemite nanoparticles as a monomolecular layer, by a bridge constituted of rhodamine B isothiocyanate, leading to a fluorescent, magnetic drivable nanocatalyst, containing 10 ± 2 enzyme molecules per nanoparticle. The resulting enzyme electrode presents a linear calibration curve toward glucose in solution in the concentration range of 0 – 1.5 mM glucose, characterized by a sensitivity of 45.85 nA µM-1cm-2 and a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.9 µM. The storage stability of the system was evaluated and a half-life of 2 months was calculated, if the electrode is stored at 4°C in buffer. The present work demonstrates the feasibility of these surface active maghemite nanoparticles as efficient hydrogen peroxide electro-catalyst, which can be easily coupled to hydrogen peroxide producing enzymes in order to develop oxidase based reagentless biosensor devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2560682
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