Superparamagnetic nanoparticles (20–40 nm) of maghemite, c-Fe2O3, with well-defined stoichiometric structure, are synthesized by the borohydride reduction of ferric chloride at an elevated temperature (100 C) followed by thermal treatment of the reaction product. Prepared maghemite nanoparticles reveal excellent colloidal stability for a long time without the necessity for any additional surface modification. These colloidal features are due to surface stabilizing OH– groups, which act as charge barriers preventing a particle aggregation and enabling a reversible binding of various oppositely charged organic substances. Such binding with rhodamine B isothiocyanate results in the fluorescent magnetic nanocarrier providing, at the same time, a spacer arm for covalent immobilization of other biosubstances including enzymes. In this work, we exploit this general applicability of the developed nanocarrier for covalent immobilization of glucose oxidase. This is the first reported example of magnetically drivable fluorescent nanocatalyst. The immobilized enzyme creates a 3–5 nm thick layer on the nanoparticle surface as proved by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. This layer corresponds to 10 enzyme molecules, which are bound to the nanoparticle surface as found by the fluorimetric determination of flavin adenine dinucleotide. The developed magnetic fluorescent nanocatalyst, showing a rate constant of 32.7 s–1 toward glucose oxidation, can be used as a biosensor in various biochemical, biotechnological, and food chemistry applications. The presence of the nanocatalyst can be simply monitored by its fluorescence; moreover, it can be easily separated from the solution by an external magnetic field and repeatedly used without a loss of catalytic efficiency. 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Charge binding of rhodaminederivative to OH- stabilized nanomaghemite: universal nanocarrier for construction of magnetofluorescent biosensor

MAGRO, MASSIMILIANO;SINIGAGLIA, GIULIETTA;NODARI, LUCA;SALVIULO, GABRIELLA;RUSSO, UMBERTO;VIANELLO, FABIO
2012

Abstract

Superparamagnetic nanoparticles (20–40 nm) of maghemite, c-Fe2O3, with well-defined stoichiometric structure, are synthesized by the borohydride reduction of ferric chloride at an elevated temperature (100 C) followed by thermal treatment of the reaction product. Prepared maghemite nanoparticles reveal excellent colloidal stability for a long time without the necessity for any additional surface modification. These colloidal features are due to surface stabilizing OH– groups, which act as charge barriers preventing a particle aggregation and enabling a reversible binding of various oppositely charged organic substances. Such binding with rhodamine B isothiocyanate results in the fluorescent magnetic nanocarrier providing, at the same time, a spacer arm for covalent immobilization of other biosubstances including enzymes. In this work, we exploit this general applicability of the developed nanocarrier for covalent immobilization of glucose oxidase. This is the first reported example of magnetically drivable fluorescent nanocatalyst. The immobilized enzyme creates a 3–5 nm thick layer on the nanoparticle surface as proved by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. This layer corresponds to 10 enzyme molecules, which are bound to the nanoparticle surface as found by the fluorimetric determination of flavin adenine dinucleotide. The developed magnetic fluorescent nanocatalyst, showing a rate constant of 32.7 s–1 toward glucose oxidation, can be used as a biosensor in various biochemical, biotechnological, and food chemistry applications. The presence of the nanocatalyst can be simply monitored by its fluorescence; moreover, it can be easily separated from the solution by an external magnetic field and repeatedly used without a loss of catalytic efficiency. 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2573137
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