Background:Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a potentially fatal complication of vaginal and cesarean deliveries. The active management of the third stage of labor provides administration of prophylactic uterotonic drugs just before or immediately after delivery, since they reduce the risk of PPH by 60%.Objective:Overview on all available uterotonics for PPH prevention to clarify indications and contraindications in choice among drugs.Search Strategy:Systematic review of the literature.Main Results:Oxytocin is the first choice for PPH prophylaxis. Ergot alkaloids, syntometrine, and prostaglandins are second-line uterotonic agents. Misoprostol is not effective as oxytocin but it may be used when the latter is not available. Carbetocin should be used instead of continuous oxytocin infusion in elective cesarean sections for PPH prevention and to decrease the need for therapeutic uterotonics. Conclusions:Prophylactic oxytocics should be offered routinely in the third stage of labor in all women. The prophylactic use of uterotonics should be individualized.

Which Uterotonic Is Better to Prevent the Postpartum Hemorrhage? Latest News in Terms of Clinical Efficacy, Side Effects, and Contraindications: A Systematic Review.

GIZZO, SALVATORE;DI GANGI, STEFANIA;SACCARDI, CARLO;D'ANTONA, DONATO;NARDELLI, GIOVANNI BATTISTA
2013

Abstract

Background:Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a potentially fatal complication of vaginal and cesarean deliveries. The active management of the third stage of labor provides administration of prophylactic uterotonic drugs just before or immediately after delivery, since they reduce the risk of PPH by 60%.Objective:Overview on all available uterotonics for PPH prevention to clarify indications and contraindications in choice among drugs.Search Strategy:Systematic review of the literature.Main Results:Oxytocin is the first choice for PPH prophylaxis. Ergot alkaloids, syntometrine, and prostaglandins are second-line uterotonic agents. Misoprostol is not effective as oxytocin but it may be used when the latter is not available. Carbetocin should be used instead of continuous oxytocin infusion in elective cesarean sections for PPH prevention and to decrease the need for therapeutic uterotonics. Conclusions:Prophylactic oxytocics should be offered routinely in the third stage of labor in all women. The prophylactic use of uterotonics should be individualized.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2573150
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