Migraine is a common disabling brain disorder whose key manifestations are recurrent attacks of unilateral headache and interictal hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli. Migraine arises from a primary brain dysfunction that leads to episodic activation and sensitization of the trigeminovascular pain pathway and as a consequence to headache. Major open issues concern the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the primary brain dysfunction(s) and of migraine pain. We review here our current understanding of these mechanisms, focusing on recent advances regarding migraine genetics, headache mechanisms, and the primary brain dysfunction(s) underlying migraine onset and susceptibility to cortical spreading depression, the neurophysiological correlate of migraine aura. We also discuss insights obtained from the functional analysis of familial hemiplegic migraine mouse models.

Migraine: a disorder of brain excitatory-inhibitory balance?

PIETROBON, DANIELA
2012

Abstract

Migraine is a common disabling brain disorder whose key manifestations are recurrent attacks of unilateral headache and interictal hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli. Migraine arises from a primary brain dysfunction that leads to episodic activation and sensitization of the trigeminovascular pain pathway and as a consequence to headache. Major open issues concern the molecular and cellular mechanisms of the primary brain dysfunction(s) and of migraine pain. We review here our current understanding of these mechanisms, focusing on recent advances regarding migraine genetics, headache mechanisms, and the primary brain dysfunction(s) underlying migraine onset and susceptibility to cortical spreading depression, the neurophysiological correlate of migraine aura. We also discuss insights obtained from the functional analysis of familial hemiplegic migraine mouse models.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2596845
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 62
  • Scopus 184
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 168
social impact