Pregnancy is associated with changes in circulating red blood cells, mainly involving band 3 protein and membrane lipid peroxidation. Membrane band 3 is a multifunctional protein containing four Tyr-phosphorylatable residues which modulate the physiological status of erythrocytes by regulating glycolysis, cell shape and membrane transport. Erythrocytes from nine pregnant and 12 age-matched non-pregnant healthy women were subjected to oxidative and hyperosmotic stress conditions and the extent of band 3 Tyr-phosphorylation and membrane Syk recruitment as a membrane marker were evaluated. Results indicated that, in pregnancy, red blood cells show a decrease in band 3 Tyrphosphorylation and a clear-cut rearrangement of band 3 protein within the membrane. In fact, band 3 shows a decrease in high molecular weight aggregates (HMWA), with different subdivision between Triton-soluble and -insoluble compartments, and an increase in proteolytic fragments. In conclusion, it is demonstrated that pregnancy is associated with membrane adjustments which reduce the sensitivity of erythrocytes to both oxidative and osmotic stress. Band 3 Tyr-phosphorylation is proposed as a new parameter in the evaluation of erythrocyte membrane arrangement.

Band 3 tyr-phosphorylation in human erythrocytes from non-pregnant and pregnant women.

BORDIN, LUCIANA;QUARTESAN, SILVIA;VIANELLO, FABIO;CLARI, GIULIO
2006

Abstract

Pregnancy is associated with changes in circulating red blood cells, mainly involving band 3 protein and membrane lipid peroxidation. Membrane band 3 is a multifunctional protein containing four Tyr-phosphorylatable residues which modulate the physiological status of erythrocytes by regulating glycolysis, cell shape and membrane transport. Erythrocytes from nine pregnant and 12 age-matched non-pregnant healthy women were subjected to oxidative and hyperosmotic stress conditions and the extent of band 3 Tyr-phosphorylation and membrane Syk recruitment as a membrane marker were evaluated. Results indicated that, in pregnancy, red blood cells show a decrease in band 3 Tyrphosphorylation and a clear-cut rearrangement of band 3 protein within the membrane. In fact, band 3 shows a decrease in high molecular weight aggregates (HMWA), with different subdivision between Triton-soluble and -insoluble compartments, and an increase in proteolytic fragments. In conclusion, it is demonstrated that pregnancy is associated with membrane adjustments which reduce the sensitivity of erythrocytes to both oxidative and osmotic stress. Band 3 Tyr-phosphorylation is proposed as a new parameter in the evaluation of erythrocyte membrane arrangement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2683867
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