PURPOSE: To study casual links between the visual, cognitive, and psychomotor outcomes of prematures babies who are small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: A cohort study of 17 SGA cases and 34 controls who were appropriate for gestational age (AGA) was carried out. The cases were all premature babies without any other pathology. All subjects underwent a visual, mental, and psychomotor evaluation at 1 year of age. RESULTS: Of the SGA cases, 41% had a "below normal" visual acuity versus 17.7% of the AGA controls. At 1 year of age the SGA babies showed an odds ratio of 18.73 for low visual acuity, 9.09 for low mental performance, and no significant risk for a decreased psychomotor performance. CONCLUSIONS: In this small cohort of premature infants, the SGA babies were more prone to developing low visual performance and abnormal cognitive development.

Visual, motor, and psychomotor development in small-for-gestational-age preterm infants

PINELLO, LUISA;MANEA, SILVIA;FACCHIN, PAOLA
2013

Abstract

PURPOSE: To study casual links between the visual, cognitive, and psychomotor outcomes of prematures babies who are small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: A cohort study of 17 SGA cases and 34 controls who were appropriate for gestational age (AGA) was carried out. The cases were all premature babies without any other pathology. All subjects underwent a visual, mental, and psychomotor evaluation at 1 year of age. RESULTS: Of the SGA cases, 41% had a "below normal" visual acuity versus 17.7% of the AGA controls. At 1 year of age the SGA babies showed an odds ratio of 18.73 for low visual acuity, 9.09 for low mental performance, and no significant risk for a decreased psychomotor performance. CONCLUSIONS: In this small cohort of premature infants, the SGA babies were more prone to developing low visual performance and abnormal cognitive development.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2686320
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