The pharmacological exploitation of resveratrol is hindered by rapid phase-II conjugative metabolism in enterocytes and hepatocytes. One approach to the solution of this problem relies on prodrugs. We report the synthesis and characterization as well as the assessment of in vivo absorption and metabolism of a set of prodrugs of resveratrol in which the OH groups are engaged in the formal (−OCH2OR) or the more labile acetal (−OCH(CH3)OR) linkages. As carrier group (R) of the prodrug, we have used short ethyleneglycol oligomers (OEG) capped by a terminal methoxy group: −O–(CH2CH2O)n–CH3 (n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6). These moieties are expected to exhibit, to a degree, the favorable properties of longer polyethyleneglycol (PEG) chains, while their relatively small size makes for a more favorable drug loading capacity. After administration of formal-based prodrugs to rats by oral gavage, significant concentrations of derivatives were measured in blood samples over several hours, in all cases except for n = 0. Absorption was maximal for n = 4. Complete deprotection to give resveratrol and its metabolites was however too slow to be of practical use. Administration of the acetal prodrug carrying tetrameric OEG chains resulted instead in the protracted presence of resveratrol metabolites in blood, consistent with a progressive regeneration of the parent molecule from the prodrug after its absorption. The results suggest that prodrugs of polyphenols based on the acetal bond and short ethyleneglycol oligomers of homogeneous size may be a convenient tool for the systemic delivery of the unconjugated parent compound.

Acetal Derivatives as Prodrugs of Resveratrol.

MATTAREI, ANDREA;AZZOLINI, MICHELE;ZORATTI, MARIO;PARADISI, CRISTINA;BIASUTTO, LUCIA
2013

Abstract

The pharmacological exploitation of resveratrol is hindered by rapid phase-II conjugative metabolism in enterocytes and hepatocytes. One approach to the solution of this problem relies on prodrugs. We report the synthesis and characterization as well as the assessment of in vivo absorption and metabolism of a set of prodrugs of resveratrol in which the OH groups are engaged in the formal (−OCH2OR) or the more labile acetal (−OCH(CH3)OR) linkages. As carrier group (R) of the prodrug, we have used short ethyleneglycol oligomers (OEG) capped by a terminal methoxy group: −O–(CH2CH2O)n–CH3 (n = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6). These moieties are expected to exhibit, to a degree, the favorable properties of longer polyethyleneglycol (PEG) chains, while their relatively small size makes for a more favorable drug loading capacity. After administration of formal-based prodrugs to rats by oral gavage, significant concentrations of derivatives were measured in blood samples over several hours, in all cases except for n = 0. Absorption was maximal for n = 4. Complete deprotection to give resveratrol and its metabolites was however too slow to be of practical use. Administration of the acetal prodrug carrying tetrameric OEG chains resulted instead in the protracted presence of resveratrol metabolites in blood, consistent with a progressive regeneration of the parent molecule from the prodrug after its absorption. The results suggest that prodrugs of polyphenols based on the acetal bond and short ethyleneglycol oligomers of homogeneous size may be a convenient tool for the systemic delivery of the unconjugated parent compound.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2703295
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