Cycling losses may be defined as those inefficiencies that reduce the performances of units during the transient period. They may be quantified by comparing the Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER) of a cycling unit and the EER of the same unit working continuously. The on-off control is the most widespread strategy for modulating; therefore, a reliable evaluation of cycling losses is fundamental to assess the EER of the system. The mentioned losses have been experimentally evaluated on a test rig, and logged data demonstrate a loss up to 13% with respect to steady operations when the load factor is lower than 10% and a Thermostatic Expansion Valve (TEV) is used. The insertion of a solenoid valve in series with the TEV can reduce the losses but the best results are obtained by using the Electronic Expansion Valve (EEV) instead of the TEV.
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