Calcareous nannofossils have represented a powerful biostratigraphic tool since the 50 and 60, when several milestone papers began to highlight their potential use in dating. Cenozoic sediments and rocks. Here, we present a new calcareous nannofossil biozonation for the Paleogene Period, which is based on biostratigraphic data collected during the past 30 years. Semi-quantitative counting methods applied on DSDP/ODP Sites and marine on-land sections have been used to demonstrate the details of the abundance patterns of each biostratigraphically useful calcareous nannofossil taxon. This new biozonation still partly relies on older biozonations and thus represents an integration between those classical biohorizons that proved reliable and new biohorizons proposed to substitute bioevents considered problematic. Thirty eight new Paleogene biozones are proposed using a new code system: 11 Paleocene biozones (CNP1–CNP11), 21 Eocene biozones (CNE1–CNE21) and 6 Oligocene biozones (CNO1–CNO6). The new scheme uses a limited number of biohorizons, one for each biozone boundary, which guarantee more stability although with a coarser resolution. A series of additional biohorizons are included, however in almost every biozone. This new Paleogene biozonation has an average duration of 1.1 Myr per biozone, varying from 0.9 in the Paleocene, to 1.0 Myr in the Eocene, and to 1.8 Myr in the Oligocene. Age estimates provided for calcareous nannofossil biohorizons are calculated using both magnetostratigraphic and astronomically tuned cyclostratigraphic data.

Biozonation and biochronology of Paleogene calcareous nannofossils from low and middle latitudes

AGNINI, CLAUDIA;FORNACIARI, ELIANA;RIO, DOMENICO
2014

Abstract

Calcareous nannofossils have represented a powerful biostratigraphic tool since the 50 and 60, when several milestone papers began to highlight their potential use in dating. Cenozoic sediments and rocks. Here, we present a new calcareous nannofossil biozonation for the Paleogene Period, which is based on biostratigraphic data collected during the past 30 years. Semi-quantitative counting methods applied on DSDP/ODP Sites and marine on-land sections have been used to demonstrate the details of the abundance patterns of each biostratigraphically useful calcareous nannofossil taxon. This new biozonation still partly relies on older biozonations and thus represents an integration between those classical biohorizons that proved reliable and new biohorizons proposed to substitute bioevents considered problematic. Thirty eight new Paleogene biozones are proposed using a new code system: 11 Paleocene biozones (CNP1–CNP11), 21 Eocene biozones (CNE1–CNE21) and 6 Oligocene biozones (CNO1–CNO6). The new scheme uses a limited number of biohorizons, one for each biozone boundary, which guarantee more stability although with a coarser resolution. A series of additional biohorizons are included, however in almost every biozone. This new Paleogene biozonation has an average duration of 1.1 Myr per biozone, varying from 0.9 in the Paleocene, to 1.0 Myr in the Eocene, and to 1.8 Myr in the Oligocene. Age estimates provided for calcareous nannofossil biohorizons are calculated using both magnetostratigraphic and astronomically tuned cyclostratigraphic data.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/2818683
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