Herein, we report for the first time that nematic liquid-crystalline environments drive the reversible self-aggregation of an enantiopure -pentapeptide into oligomers with a well-defined structure. The peptide contains four (1S,2S)-2-aminocyclopentane carboxylic acid (ACPC) residues and the paramagnetic -amino acid (3R,4R)-4-amino-1-oxyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid (POAC). The structure of the oligomers was investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy, which allowed us to obtain the intermonomer distance distribution in the aggregates as a function of peptide concentration in two nematic liquid crystals, E7 and ZLI-4792. The aggregates were modeled on the basis of the EPR data, and their orientation and order in the nematic phase were studied by the surface tensor method.
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