Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is traditionally diagnosed by the presence of neoplastic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells found in minority within a typical inflammatory microenvironment. It is now recognized that the majority of these T CD4 cells are T regulatory (Treg) and play an important immunosuppressive role and contribute to tumour persistence. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of lymphocytes was performed on lymph node samples over a 12-year period (2000-2012) to identify the Hodgkin-specific subset and potential biomarkers related to Treg cells. CD3, CD19 and T CD4+CD26-CD38+ subsets were measured in the lymphocytic infiltrate of 108 consecutive lymph node samples concurrently diagnosed histologically as HL and in 43 cases of benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (BRLH). HL, compared to BRLH, shows statistically significant differences within the reactive microenvironmental population: decreased CD19+ cells (23 % vs 39 %; p < 0.001), increased CD3+ (74 % vs 58 %; p < 0.001) and CD4+CD26-CD38+ cells (38 % vs 11.5 %; p < 0.001). By using the co-expressed markers CD38 and CD26 for logistic analysis, the obtained receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves confirm that the CD4+CD26-CD38+ subset is strongly expressed in HL (ROC AUC = 0,8639). Flow cytometric detection of CD4+CD26-CD38+ cells seems able to identify the cellular microenvironmental pattern in HL and to distinguish it from BRLH. Although there is extensive experience in flow cytometric analysis of non-HL, it is not routinely applied in cases of HL and our findings suggest that it may be useful in quickly and easily characterizing its cellular para-neoplastic inflammatory background.

Flow cytometry CD4+CD26−CD38+ lymphocyte subset in the microenvironment of Hodgkin lymphoma-affected lymph nodes

PADOAN, ANDREA;CANDIOTTO, LAURA;SANZARI, MARIA COLOMBA;SCAPINELLO, ANTONIO;
2014

Abstract

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is traditionally diagnosed by the presence of neoplastic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells found in minority within a typical inflammatory microenvironment. It is now recognized that the majority of these T CD4 cells are T regulatory (Treg) and play an important immunosuppressive role and contribute to tumour persistence. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of lymphocytes was performed on lymph node samples over a 12-year period (2000-2012) to identify the Hodgkin-specific subset and potential biomarkers related to Treg cells. CD3, CD19 and T CD4+CD26-CD38+ subsets were measured in the lymphocytic infiltrate of 108 consecutive lymph node samples concurrently diagnosed histologically as HL and in 43 cases of benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (BRLH). HL, compared to BRLH, shows statistically significant differences within the reactive microenvironmental population: decreased CD19+ cells (23 % vs 39 %; p < 0.001), increased CD3+ (74 % vs 58 %; p < 0.001) and CD4+CD26-CD38+ cells (38 % vs 11.5 %; p < 0.001). By using the co-expressed markers CD38 and CD26 for logistic analysis, the obtained receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves confirm that the CD4+CD26-CD38+ subset is strongly expressed in HL (ROC AUC = 0,8639). Flow cytometric detection of CD4+CD26-CD38+ cells seems able to identify the cellular microenvironmental pattern in HL and to distinguish it from BRLH. Although there is extensive experience in flow cytometric analysis of non-HL, it is not routinely applied in cases of HL and our findings suggest that it may be useful in quickly and easily characterizing its cellular para-neoplastic inflammatory background.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2827259
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