AIMS: To use image analysis and multivariate analysis to investigate the prognostic significance of Nm23-H1 subcellular localization in a large cohort of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCCs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Nm23-H1 total and nuclear levels were immunohistochemically determined and calculated with an image analysis system in 104 consecutively operated LSCCs. The mean follow-up was 58.3 ± 35.1 months (median 45 months). Total Nm23-H1 levels correlated only with patient stratification by pT (P=0.01). Mean nuclear Nm23-H1 levels were lower in patients with recurrent disease (P=0.01), and disease-free survival (DFS) was longer in patients whose nuclear levels of Nm23-H1 were >2.0% than in those with levels ≤ 2.0% (P=0.019). On multivariate analysis, Nm23-H1 nuclear expression [hazard ratio (HR) 2.59, P=0.005] and N stage (HR 3.60, P=0.0001) were prognostically significant in relation to DFS. CONCLUSIONS: In LSCC, Nm23-H1 nuclear expression may be useful for identifying patients at higher risk of recurrence after treatment and who might be considered for more aggressive therapy. Further investigations are needed before Nm23-H1 can be considered for use in targeted treatments for LSCC.

Nm23-H1 nuclear expression is associated with a more favourable prognosis in laryngeal carcinoma: univariate and multivariate analysis.

MARIONI, GINO;OTTAVIANO, GIANCARLO;Lovato, A;Favaretto, N;STELLINI, EDOARDO;STAFFIERI, ALBERTO;BLANDAMURA, STELLA
2012

Abstract

AIMS: To use image analysis and multivariate analysis to investigate the prognostic significance of Nm23-H1 subcellular localization in a large cohort of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LSCCs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Nm23-H1 total and nuclear levels were immunohistochemically determined and calculated with an image analysis system in 104 consecutively operated LSCCs. The mean follow-up was 58.3 ± 35.1 months (median 45 months). Total Nm23-H1 levels correlated only with patient stratification by pT (P=0.01). Mean nuclear Nm23-H1 levels were lower in patients with recurrent disease (P=0.01), and disease-free survival (DFS) was longer in patients whose nuclear levels of Nm23-H1 were >2.0% than in those with levels ≤ 2.0% (P=0.019). On multivariate analysis, Nm23-H1 nuclear expression [hazard ratio (HR) 2.59, P=0.005] and N stage (HR 3.60, P=0.0001) were prognostically significant in relation to DFS. CONCLUSIONS: In LSCC, Nm23-H1 nuclear expression may be useful for identifying patients at higher risk of recurrence after treatment and who might be considered for more aggressive therapy. Further investigations are needed before Nm23-H1 can be considered for use in targeted treatments for LSCC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/2838443
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