Many anticancer compounds are strong inhibitors of thioredoxin reductases (TrxRs), selenoenzymes involved in cellular redox regulation. This study examined the effect of two hydroxyferrocifens (1, FcOH; 2, FcOHTAM) and of their corresponding quinone methides (QMs), 1-QM, and 2-QM, on these enzymes. In vitro, both QMs were more potent TrxR inhibitors (IC50 ≈ 2.5 μM) than the hydroxyferrocifens (IC50 ≈ 15 μM). This inhibition was due to a Michael addition of the penultimate selenocysteine residue of TrxRs to the QMs. In Jurkat cancer cells, both 2 and 2-QM inhibited TrxRs in the same proportion, leading to accumulation of oxidized forms of thioredoxin, while 1 and 1-QM were scarcely effective. This difference of behavior was ascribed to the competitive conversion of 1-QM to an inactive indene in protic medium. This set of experiments confirms for the first time the role played by ferrocenyl quinone methides on several biological targets and gives a molecular basis for these effects. It also highlights differences in the mechanisms of action of 1 and 2 in cancer cells.

Evidence for targeting thioredoxin reductases with ferrocenyl quinone methides. A possible molecular basis for the antiproliferative effect of hydroxyferrocifens on cancer cells.

CITTA, ANNA;FOLDA, ALESSANDRA;BINDOLI, ALBERTO;RIGOBELLO, MARIA PIA
2014

Abstract

Many anticancer compounds are strong inhibitors of thioredoxin reductases (TrxRs), selenoenzymes involved in cellular redox regulation. This study examined the effect of two hydroxyferrocifens (1, FcOH; 2, FcOHTAM) and of their corresponding quinone methides (QMs), 1-QM, and 2-QM, on these enzymes. In vitro, both QMs were more potent TrxR inhibitors (IC50 ≈ 2.5 μM) than the hydroxyferrocifens (IC50 ≈ 15 μM). This inhibition was due to a Michael addition of the penultimate selenocysteine residue of TrxRs to the QMs. In Jurkat cancer cells, both 2 and 2-QM inhibited TrxRs in the same proportion, leading to accumulation of oxidized forms of thioredoxin, while 1 and 1-QM were scarcely effective. This difference of behavior was ascribed to the competitive conversion of 1-QM to an inactive indene in protic medium. This set of experiments confirms for the first time the role played by ferrocenyl quinone methides on several biological targets and gives a molecular basis for these effects. It also highlights differences in the mechanisms of action of 1 and 2 in cancer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3000299
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