This study reports on a large series of 200 dual kidney transplantations (DKTs) from expanded criteria donors (ECDs) and proposes specific ways to optimize outcomes. Data concerning 200 DKTs performed in the last 14 yr were retrospectively analyzed. Kidneys from high-risk ECD were allocated for use in DKTs on an old-for-old basis after histological assessment. Different surgical techniques and immunosuppressant regimens were used over time, and the outcomes are discussed. Donors and recipients were a median 73 (70-77) and a 62 (58-67) yr old, respectively. Delayed graft function occurred in 31.5% of cases, and acute rejection in 13.5%. Patient and graft survival at five yr were 90.4% and 85.8%, respectively. Unilateral kidney placement was preferred for 75% of patients, and was associated with a low rate of surgical complications. Our current standard therapy comprising low-dose calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) associated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTOR) and steroids appears to offer the best risk/benefit profile for elderly patients undergoing DKT. In our experience, outcomes after DKT can be improved by: (i) kidney clinical-histological assessment; (ii) unilateral kidney placement; (iii) minimal use of CNI associated with mTOR

A single-center experience with 200 dual kidney transplantations.

RIGOTTI, PAOLO;CAPOVILLA, GIOVANNI;DI BELLA, CATERINA;SILVESTRE, CRISTINA;DONATO, PAOLA;FURIAN, LUCREZIA
2014

Abstract

This study reports on a large series of 200 dual kidney transplantations (DKTs) from expanded criteria donors (ECDs) and proposes specific ways to optimize outcomes. Data concerning 200 DKTs performed in the last 14 yr were retrospectively analyzed. Kidneys from high-risk ECD were allocated for use in DKTs on an old-for-old basis after histological assessment. Different surgical techniques and immunosuppressant regimens were used over time, and the outcomes are discussed. Donors and recipients were a median 73 (70-77) and a 62 (58-67) yr old, respectively. Delayed graft function occurred in 31.5% of cases, and acute rejection in 13.5%. Patient and graft survival at five yr were 90.4% and 85.8%, respectively. Unilateral kidney placement was preferred for 75% of patients, and was associated with a low rate of surgical complications. Our current standard therapy comprising low-dose calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) associated with mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTOR) and steroids appears to offer the best risk/benefit profile for elderly patients undergoing DKT. In our experience, outcomes after DKT can be improved by: (i) kidney clinical-histological assessment; (ii) unilateral kidney placement; (iii) minimal use of CNI associated with mTOR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3014302
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