The Parkinson's disease-related protein DJ-1 has a role in the protection against oxidative stress and maintenance of mitochondria structure. Whether this action depends on its localization and activity within the mitochondria is not clear. Here we develop an approach to resolve intra-mitochondrial distribution of DJ-1 and monitor its translocation under specific conditions. By a new split-green fluorescent protein (GFP)-based tool, we can observe that a small DJ-1 fraction is located within the mitochondrial matrix and that it consistently increases upon nutrient depletion. We also find that the targeting of DJ-1 to the mitochondrial matrix enhances mitochondrial and cytosolic adenosine triphosphate levels. Intriguingly, DJ-1 pathogenic mutants fail to improve bioenergetics and translocate within the mitochondrial matrix, suggesting that the DJ-1 protective role requires both these actions. By this new split-GFP-based tool, we can resolve mitochondrial compartmentalization of proteins which are not constitutively resident in mitochondria but translocate to them in response to specific stimuli.

A new split-GFP-based probe reveals DJ-1 translocation into the mitochondrial matrix to sustain ATP synthesis upon nutrient deprivation.

CALI', TITO;OTTOLINI, DENIS;SORIANO GARCIA - CUERVA, MARIA EUGENIA;BRINI, MARISA
2015

Abstract

The Parkinson's disease-related protein DJ-1 has a role in the protection against oxidative stress and maintenance of mitochondria structure. Whether this action depends on its localization and activity within the mitochondria is not clear. Here we develop an approach to resolve intra-mitochondrial distribution of DJ-1 and monitor its translocation under specific conditions. By a new split-green fluorescent protein (GFP)-based tool, we can observe that a small DJ-1 fraction is located within the mitochondrial matrix and that it consistently increases upon nutrient depletion. We also find that the targeting of DJ-1 to the mitochondrial matrix enhances mitochondrial and cytosolic adenosine triphosphate levels. Intriguingly, DJ-1 pathogenic mutants fail to improve bioenergetics and translocate within the mitochondrial matrix, suggesting that the DJ-1 protective role requires both these actions. By this new split-GFP-based tool, we can resolve mitochondrial compartmentalization of proteins which are not constitutively resident in mitochondria but translocate to them in response to specific stimuli.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3030316
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