BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial myopathies are regulated by two genomes: the nuclear DNA, and the mitochondrial DNA. While, so far, most studies have dealt with mitochondrial myopathies due to deletions or point mutations in the mitochondrial DNA, a new field of investigation is that of syndromes due to mutations in the nuclear DNA. These latter disorders have mendelian inheritance. RESULTS: Three representative cases have been selected: one with COX deficiency and a Leigh syndrome due to a SURF1 gene mutation, one due to a defect of Coenzyme Q synthesis and one with dominant optic atrophy due to a mutation in the OPA1 gene. CONCLUSIONS: Future developments will show that many neurodegenerative disorders are due to mutations of nuclear genes controlling mitochondrial function, fusion and fission.

Mitochondrial disorders of the nuclear genome

Angelini C;BELLO, LUCA;
2009

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial myopathies are regulated by two genomes: the nuclear DNA, and the mitochondrial DNA. While, so far, most studies have dealt with mitochondrial myopathies due to deletions or point mutations in the mitochondrial DNA, a new field of investigation is that of syndromes due to mutations in the nuclear DNA. These latter disorders have mendelian inheritance. RESULTS: Three representative cases have been selected: one with COX deficiency and a Leigh syndrome due to a SURF1 gene mutation, one due to a defect of Coenzyme Q synthesis and one with dominant optic atrophy due to a mutation in the OPA1 gene. CONCLUSIONS: Future developments will show that many neurodegenerative disorders are due to mutations of nuclear genes controlling mitochondrial function, fusion and fission.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3041311
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