[FeFe]-hydrogenases catalyze the reversible interconversion of protons to molecular hydrogen (H-2) at an active site called H-cluster. The maturation pathway of these enzymes is a complex process involving three proteins, HydE, HydF and HydG. The maturase protein HydF has been suggested to interact with HydE and HydG and to be the transferase that shuttles the complete H-cluster to the hydrogenase; however, the exact molecular mechanism driving this translocation remains unclear. HydF is constituted by three different domains: a N-terminal GTP-binding domain, a dimerization domain and a C-terminal [4Fe4S] cluster-binding domain. To investigate possible conformational changes induced by the GTP binding in the N-terminal domain, we have expressed, in Escherichia coli, a recombinant HydF protein from Thermotoga neapolitana including the GTP-binding domain only. Site-directed mutants were designed in which the native residues were substituted by cysteines and subsequently spin labeled with the nitroxide MTSSL. CW-EPR was used to study the local mobility of the nitroxides at each site, and double spin-labeled mutants have been investigated by PELDOR spectroscopy. We found that the binding of the nucleotide does not induce large conformational effects within the isolated GTP domain, at least at the level of the elements investigated in this work. However, small changes in the distance between spin labels were observed which might reflect diffuse structural rearrangements. We suggest that the variations following the GTP binding could affect the dimer form adopted by the whole HydF protein in solution and, as a consequence, the interactions with the other maturases.

A conformational study of the GTPase domain of [FeFe]-hydrogenase maturation protein HydF by PELDOR spectroscopy

MASO, LORENZO;GALAZZO, LAURA;VALLESE, FRANCESCA;DI VALENTIN, MARILENA;ALBERTINI, MARCO;DE ROSA, EDITH;GIACOMETTI, GIORGIO;COSTANTINI, PAOLA;CARBONERA, DONATELLA
2015

Abstract

[FeFe]-hydrogenases catalyze the reversible interconversion of protons to molecular hydrogen (H-2) at an active site called H-cluster. The maturation pathway of these enzymes is a complex process involving three proteins, HydE, HydF and HydG. The maturase protein HydF has been suggested to interact with HydE and HydG and to be the transferase that shuttles the complete H-cluster to the hydrogenase; however, the exact molecular mechanism driving this translocation remains unclear. HydF is constituted by three different domains: a N-terminal GTP-binding domain, a dimerization domain and a C-terminal [4Fe4S] cluster-binding domain. To investigate possible conformational changes induced by the GTP binding in the N-terminal domain, we have expressed, in Escherichia coli, a recombinant HydF protein from Thermotoga neapolitana including the GTP-binding domain only. Site-directed mutants were designed in which the native residues were substituted by cysteines and subsequently spin labeled with the nitroxide MTSSL. CW-EPR was used to study the local mobility of the nitroxides at each site, and double spin-labeled mutants have been investigated by PELDOR spectroscopy. We found that the binding of the nucleotide does not induce large conformational effects within the isolated GTP domain, at least at the level of the elements investigated in this work. However, small changes in the distance between spin labels were observed which might reflect diffuse structural rearrangements. We suggest that the variations following the GTP binding could affect the dimer form adopted by the whole HydF protein in solution and, as a consequence, the interactions with the other maturases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3099739
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact