Modern thermally-insulating building façades comprise lightweight structural panels, in turn mostly composed of porcelain stoneware with engineered porosity. Sintered glass-ceramics may represent a valid alternative, mainly considering layered articles, with a dense surface layer on a highly porous body that could be manufactured by double pressing. In this paper we present a low cost route to lightweight tiles, developed starting from mining tailings, such as waste from the mining of boron-rich minerals and basalt rock, and recycled glasses, such as common soda-lime glass and pharmaceutical borosilicate glass. A highly porous body was obtained by direct sintering of mixtures of mining tailings and soda-lime glass; despite the homogeneity of porosity and the formation of new crystal phases (at only 1000 °C), favorable to good mechanical properties, the water absorption remained far above the limits (>2 wt%). The water absorption was minimized by introduction of a dense glaze, associated to the firing of mixtures coated by a thin layer of recycled borosilicate glass powders; both color and shrinkage were optimized by the mixing of borosilicate glass with powders of zircon mineral and vitrified boron waste/basalt/soda-lime mixture.

Lightweight glass–ceramic tiles from the sintering of mining tailings

MARANGONI, MAURO;BERNARDO, ENRICO
2015

Abstract

Modern thermally-insulating building façades comprise lightweight structural panels, in turn mostly composed of porcelain stoneware with engineered porosity. Sintered glass-ceramics may represent a valid alternative, mainly considering layered articles, with a dense surface layer on a highly porous body that could be manufactured by double pressing. In this paper we present a low cost route to lightweight tiles, developed starting from mining tailings, such as waste from the mining of boron-rich minerals and basalt rock, and recycled glasses, such as common soda-lime glass and pharmaceutical borosilicate glass. A highly porous body was obtained by direct sintering of mixtures of mining tailings and soda-lime glass; despite the homogeneity of porosity and the formation of new crystal phases (at only 1000 °C), favorable to good mechanical properties, the water absorption remained far above the limits (>2 wt%). The water absorption was minimized by introduction of a dense glaze, associated to the firing of mixtures coated by a thin layer of recycled borosilicate glass powders; both color and shrinkage were optimized by the mixing of borosilicate glass with powders of zircon mineral and vitrified boron waste/basalt/soda-lime mixture.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3148927
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