Purpose: The inducible cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) early repressor (ICER) is found downregulated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), failing to control cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) transcriptional activity, recently demonstrated to mediate AML progression. We aimed to characterize ICER's role in drug sensitivity by treating myeloid cell lines and primary AML with chemotherapics. Experimental design: The effects on CREB target genes induced by ICER restoration and drug treatment were studied by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Cell cycle and apoptosis analysis were performed. Possible ICER-evoked pathways were investigated in vitro. The mechanism involved in enhanced drug sensitivity was described in primary AML cultures by silencing ICER main target genes. Results: AML cell lines reduced cell growth and enhanced apoptotic behavior after chemotherapy treatment if ICER was expressed. A significantly lowered expression of CREB target genes involved in cell cycle control (CyA1, B1, D1), and in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway (ERK, AKT, DUSP1/4), was found after Etoposide treatment. The dual-specificity phosphatases DUSP1 and DUSP4, directly repressed by ICER, activated the p38 pathway, which triggered enhanced caspase-dependent apoptosis. The silencing of DUSP1/4 in HL60 confirmed the same enhanced drug sensitivity induced by ICER. Primary AML cultures, silenced for DUSP1 as well as restored of ICER expression, showed DUSP1 downregulation and p38 activation. Conclusion: ICER mediates chemotherapy anticancer activity through DUSP1-p38 pathway activation and drives the cell program from survival to apoptosis. ICER restoration or DUSP1 inhibition might be possible strategies to sensitize AML cancer cells to conventional chemotherapy and to inhibit tumor growth. Clin Cancer Res; 17(4); 742-52. (C) 2011 AACR.

ICER Evokes Dusp1-p38 Pathway Enhancing Chemotherapy Sensitivity in Myeloid Leukemia

PIGAZZI, MARTINA;MANARA, ELENA;TREGNAGO, CLAUDIA;BASSO, GIUSEPPE
2011

Abstract

Purpose: The inducible cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) early repressor (ICER) is found downregulated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), failing to control cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) transcriptional activity, recently demonstrated to mediate AML progression. We aimed to characterize ICER's role in drug sensitivity by treating myeloid cell lines and primary AML with chemotherapics. Experimental design: The effects on CREB target genes induced by ICER restoration and drug treatment were studied by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Cell cycle and apoptosis analysis were performed. Possible ICER-evoked pathways were investigated in vitro. The mechanism involved in enhanced drug sensitivity was described in primary AML cultures by silencing ICER main target genes. Results: AML cell lines reduced cell growth and enhanced apoptotic behavior after chemotherapy treatment if ICER was expressed. A significantly lowered expression of CREB target genes involved in cell cycle control (CyA1, B1, D1), and in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway (ERK, AKT, DUSP1/4), was found after Etoposide treatment. The dual-specificity phosphatases DUSP1 and DUSP4, directly repressed by ICER, activated the p38 pathway, which triggered enhanced caspase-dependent apoptosis. The silencing of DUSP1/4 in HL60 confirmed the same enhanced drug sensitivity induced by ICER. Primary AML cultures, silenced for DUSP1 as well as restored of ICER expression, showed DUSP1 downregulation and p38 activation. Conclusion: ICER mediates chemotherapy anticancer activity through DUSP1-p38 pathway activation and drives the cell program from survival to apoptosis. ICER restoration or DUSP1 inhibition might be possible strategies to sensitize AML cancer cells to conventional chemotherapy and to inhibit tumor growth. Clin Cancer Res; 17(4); 742-52. (C) 2011 AACR.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3156667
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