This study explored effects of four plant extracts (allyl-sulfyde, AS; cinnamaldehyde, CI; eugenol, EU; limonene, LI) and one synthetic compound (monensin, MO), all with antimicrobial properties, on in vitro rumen fermentation and methane (CH4) production of a diet for dairy cows (NDF=37.0%; CP=15.2%; lipids=3.3%, on DM). Four incubations at 24 h were carried out using a gas production (GP) system made up of bottles wireless-connected to a PC. Bottles (317 ml) were filled with 1.0±0.010 g of diet, additive, and 150 mL of buffered rumen fluid, and incubated at 39±0.4°C. Two dosages of each additive were tested: 3 or 30 mg/g diet for AS, CI, EU, and LI; 0.015 or 0.030 mg/g diet for MO. For each bottle GP was recorded every minute. Gas was vented when the pressure into the bottles reached 6.8 kPa. The experimental design was: 4 incubations¥5 additives¥2 dosages¥3 replications, plus 24 bottles as control (without additive; 6/run) and 12 as blanks (without diet and additive; 3/run), for a total of 156 bottles. At the end of each incubation, gas (10 ml) was sampled from headspace of each bottle and analyzed for CH4 by GC.Fermentation fluids were treated with neutral detergent solution to compute degradability of NDF (NDFd, %) and of true DM (TDMd, %). Data were submitted to ANOVA considering the treatment (n=11; 5 additives¥2 dosages, plus control) and incubation (n=4) as variation sources. High dosage of LI strongly depressed (P<0.001) both NDFd (-68%) and TDMd (-14%) compared to the control; less marked (P<0.05) reductions were noted for high dosage of MO (-16% and -3%, for NDFd and TDMd, resp.). No effects emerged for other additives, irrespective by dosage. Compared to the control, high dosage of AS, CI, LI, and MO reduced (P<0.001): i) in vitro GP (ml/g DM), with decrements from -12% (for MO) to -35% (for LI); ii) in vitro CH4 production (ml/g DM), with decrements from -27% (for MO) to -48% (for AS); iii) in vitro CH4 proportion (% CH4 on total GP), with decrements from -17% (for MO) to -40% (for AS). On the contrary, EU never affected gas emissions. In conclusion, all additives, except EU, reduced gas and CH4 production, but only at high dosage. The most promising results emerged for AS and CI, as CH4 depression was not accompanied by a reduction of in vitro degradability. Acknowledgments. The research was funded by the project “ARCHAEA-Feeding strategies to reduce methane emissions from dairy cows” (Veneto Region Rural Development Programme 2007-2013).

Effects of five additives with antimicrobial properties on in vitro rumen fermentation and methane production of a commercial diet for dairy cows

CATTANI, MIRKO;MACCARANA, LAURA;TAGLIAPIETRA, FRANCO;SCHIAVON, STEFANO;BAILONI, LUCIA
2015

Abstract

This study explored effects of four plant extracts (allyl-sulfyde, AS; cinnamaldehyde, CI; eugenol, EU; limonene, LI) and one synthetic compound (monensin, MO), all with antimicrobial properties, on in vitro rumen fermentation and methane (CH4) production of a diet for dairy cows (NDF=37.0%; CP=15.2%; lipids=3.3%, on DM). Four incubations at 24 h were carried out using a gas production (GP) system made up of bottles wireless-connected to a PC. Bottles (317 ml) were filled with 1.0±0.010 g of diet, additive, and 150 mL of buffered rumen fluid, and incubated at 39±0.4°C. Two dosages of each additive were tested: 3 or 30 mg/g diet for AS, CI, EU, and LI; 0.015 or 0.030 mg/g diet for MO. For each bottle GP was recorded every minute. Gas was vented when the pressure into the bottles reached 6.8 kPa. The experimental design was: 4 incubations¥5 additives¥2 dosages¥3 replications, plus 24 bottles as control (without additive; 6/run) and 12 as blanks (without diet and additive; 3/run), for a total of 156 bottles. At the end of each incubation, gas (10 ml) was sampled from headspace of each bottle and analyzed for CH4 by GC.Fermentation fluids were treated with neutral detergent solution to compute degradability of NDF (NDFd, %) and of true DM (TDMd, %). Data were submitted to ANOVA considering the treatment (n=11; 5 additives¥2 dosages, plus control) and incubation (n=4) as variation sources. High dosage of LI strongly depressed (P<0.001) both NDFd (-68%) and TDMd (-14%) compared to the control; less marked (P<0.05) reductions were noted for high dosage of MO (-16% and -3%, for NDFd and TDMd, resp.). No effects emerged for other additives, irrespective by dosage. Compared to the control, high dosage of AS, CI, LI, and MO reduced (P<0.001): i) in vitro GP (ml/g DM), with decrements from -12% (for MO) to -35% (for LI); ii) in vitro CH4 production (ml/g DM), with decrements from -27% (for MO) to -48% (for AS); iii) in vitro CH4 proportion (% CH4 on total GP), with decrements from -17% (for MO) to -40% (for AS). On the contrary, EU never affected gas emissions. In conclusion, all additives, except EU, reduced gas and CH4 production, but only at high dosage. The most promising results emerged for AS and CI, as CH4 depression was not accompanied by a reduction of in vitro degradability. Acknowledgments. The research was funded by the project “ARCHAEA-Feeding strategies to reduce methane emissions from dairy cows” (Veneto Region Rural Development Programme 2007-2013).
ASPA 21° Congress - Book of Abstract
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