1. Nuclear receptors CAR (NR1I3) and PXR (NR1I2) are major ligand-activated transcriptional regulators of xenobiotic metabolism and disposition and modulators of endobiotic metabolism. Differences in xenobiotic selectivity between the human and rodent receptors are well recognized but there is lack of such information on properties of CAR and PXR in important domestic animals. 2. The pig and bovine receptors were cloned and their ligand profiles were systematically compared to corresponding human and mouse forms utilizing a panel of xenobiotics and structural analysis. 3. Pig CAR and PXR resemble their human counterparts which can be rationalized by only modest amino acid changes between critical residues of the human ligand-binding pockets (H203Q for CAR, L210V and M243I for PXR). 4. In contrast, bovine CAR shows a blunted response to CAR agonists and inverse agonists. These changes are likely due to disruptive mutations at or near critical hydrogen bond-forming residues (N165I, Y326F). The unresponsiveness of bovine PXR to human- and mouse-selective agonists may be related to substitutions at important ligand-contacting residues R410Q and F305V, respectively. 5. Our findings have implications for regulation of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters and pharmacokinetics in cattle and pigs.

Characterization of ligand-dependent activation of bovine and pig constitutive androstane (CAR) and pregnane X receptors (PXR) with interspecies comparisons

ZANCANELLA, VANESSA;DACASTO, MAURO;GIANTIN, MERY
2016

Abstract

1. Nuclear receptors CAR (NR1I3) and PXR (NR1I2) are major ligand-activated transcriptional regulators of xenobiotic metabolism and disposition and modulators of endobiotic metabolism. Differences in xenobiotic selectivity between the human and rodent receptors are well recognized but there is lack of such information on properties of CAR and PXR in important domestic animals. 2. The pig and bovine receptors were cloned and their ligand profiles were systematically compared to corresponding human and mouse forms utilizing a panel of xenobiotics and structural analysis. 3. Pig CAR and PXR resemble their human counterparts which can be rationalized by only modest amino acid changes between critical residues of the human ligand-binding pockets (H203Q for CAR, L210V and M243I for PXR). 4. In contrast, bovine CAR shows a blunted response to CAR agonists and inverse agonists. These changes are likely due to disruptive mutations at or near critical hydrogen bond-forming residues (N165I, Y326F). The unresponsiveness of bovine PXR to human- and mouse-selective agonists may be related to substitutions at important ligand-contacting residues R410Q and F305V, respectively. 5. Our findings have implications for regulation of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters and pharmacokinetics in cattle and pigs.
1366-5928
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3180338
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact