Vehicle loop detectors or other equipment installed on cross-sections are commonly used for monitoring traffic flow conditions on road network. For operational analysis it is crucial to distinguish between low level of service related to oversaturated conditions and generated by extraordinary events as incidents. In case of incident it is fundamental to have a prompt response in order to activate any requested countermeasure, such as rescue activation and traffic detour. This paper introduces a control system which recognizes incidents from vehicle loop detectors data (system control), and identifies the optimal position of loop detectors (system design).The system was developed using fuzzy logic concepts and calibrated using data from micro simulation experiments. Micro simulation approach is justified from the impossibility to get the requested data from on-field observations. The analysis has been focused on a two-way four-lane freeway basic segment; traffic flow variables (Density, Space Mean Speed and Flow Rate) were estimated with reference to the set of consecutive time intervals (one-minute long) belonging to the whole observation time period (3 hours). Simulated data were obtained running the model several times (10 runs) for each traffic volume class adopted in the analysis (1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 3,500 vehicles/hour), with different random number seeds. Calibration dataset was used to determine the knowledge base of each FIS using the open-source software FisPro, and the remaining data (validation dataset) to evaluate the performance of the system. The main finding of the study is that the detection system, despite its simplicity, shows excellent False Alarm Rate and satisfactory Mean Time To Detection.

Fuzzy Logic-based Incident Detection System using Loop Detectors Data

ROSSI, RICCARDO;GASTALDI, MASSIMILIANO;GECCHELE, GREGORIO;
2015

Abstract

Vehicle loop detectors or other equipment installed on cross-sections are commonly used for monitoring traffic flow conditions on road network. For operational analysis it is crucial to distinguish between low level of service related to oversaturated conditions and generated by extraordinary events as incidents. In case of incident it is fundamental to have a prompt response in order to activate any requested countermeasure, such as rescue activation and traffic detour. This paper introduces a control system which recognizes incidents from vehicle loop detectors data (system control), and identifies the optimal position of loop detectors (system design).The system was developed using fuzzy logic concepts and calibrated using data from micro simulation experiments. Micro simulation approach is justified from the impossibility to get the requested data from on-field observations. The analysis has been focused on a two-way four-lane freeway basic segment; traffic flow variables (Density, Space Mean Speed and Flow Rate) were estimated with reference to the set of consecutive time intervals (one-minute long) belonging to the whole observation time period (3 hours). Simulated data were obtained running the model several times (10 runs) for each traffic volume class adopted in the analysis (1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 3,500 vehicles/hour), with different random number seeds. Calibration dataset was used to determine the knowledge base of each FIS using the open-source software FisPro, and the remaining data (validation dataset) to evaluate the performance of the system. The main finding of the study is that the detection system, despite its simplicity, shows excellent False Alarm Rate and satisfactory Mean Time To Detection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3182492
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