Matrix Gla protein (MGP) and bone Gla protein (BGP) are two vitamin K-dependent proteins (VKDPs) involved in the regulation of vascular calcification (VC). We carried out a secondary analysis of the VIKI study to evaluate associations between drug consumption and VKDP levels in 387 hemodialyzed patients. The VIKI study assessed the prevalence of vitamin K deficiency in hemodialysis patients. We evaluated drug consumption, determined BGP and MGP levels, and verified the presence of any vertebral fractures (VF) and VC by spine radiographs. Total BGP levels were twice as high with calcimimetics versus no calcimimetics (290 vs. 158.5 mcg/L, p < 0.0001) and 69 % higher with vitamin D analogs (268 vs. 159 mcg/L, p < 0.0001). Total MGP was 19 % higher with calcimimetics (21.5 vs. 18.1 mcg/L, p = 0.04) and 54 % higher with calcium acetate (27.9 vs. 18.1 mcg/L, p = 0.003); no difference was found with vitamin D analogs (21.1 vs. 18.3 mcg/L, p = 0.43). Median Total BGP level was 29 % lower in patients with a parts per thousand yen1 VF (151 vs. 213 mcg/L, p = 0.0091) and 36 % lower in patients with VC (164 vs. 262.1 mcg/L, p = 0.0003). In non-survivors, median BGP and MGP were lower, but only for MGP this difference reached the statistical significance (152 vs. 191 mcg/L, p = 0.20 and 15.0 vs. 19.7 mcg/L, p = 0.02, respectively). Pending studies on vitamin K supplementation, calcimimetics, and vitamin D analogs may play a role in preserving vitamin K-dependent protein activity, thus contributing to bone and vascular health in CKD patients.

Calcimimetic and vitamin D analog use in hemodialyzed patients is associated with increased levels of vitamin K dependent proteins

FUSARO, MARIA;GIANNINI, SANDRO;RIGOTTI, PAOLO;PICCOLI, ANTONIO;ALESSI, MARIANNA;BONFANTE, LUCIANA;FABRIS, FABRIZIO;SELLA, STEFANIA;PLEBANI, MARIO
2016

Abstract

Matrix Gla protein (MGP) and bone Gla protein (BGP) are two vitamin K-dependent proteins (VKDPs) involved in the regulation of vascular calcification (VC). We carried out a secondary analysis of the VIKI study to evaluate associations between drug consumption and VKDP levels in 387 hemodialyzed patients. The VIKI study assessed the prevalence of vitamin K deficiency in hemodialysis patients. We evaluated drug consumption, determined BGP and MGP levels, and verified the presence of any vertebral fractures (VF) and VC by spine radiographs. Total BGP levels were twice as high with calcimimetics versus no calcimimetics (290 vs. 158.5 mcg/L, p < 0.0001) and 69 % higher with vitamin D analogs (268 vs. 159 mcg/L, p < 0.0001). Total MGP was 19 % higher with calcimimetics (21.5 vs. 18.1 mcg/L, p = 0.04) and 54 % higher with calcium acetate (27.9 vs. 18.1 mcg/L, p = 0.003); no difference was found with vitamin D analogs (21.1 vs. 18.3 mcg/L, p = 0.43). Median Total BGP level was 29 % lower in patients with a parts per thousand yen1 VF (151 vs. 213 mcg/L, p = 0.0091) and 36 % lower in patients with VC (164 vs. 262.1 mcg/L, p = 0.0003). In non-survivors, median BGP and MGP were lower, but only for MGP this difference reached the statistical significance (152 vs. 191 mcg/L, p = 0.20 and 15.0 vs. 19.7 mcg/L, p = 0.02, respectively). Pending studies on vitamin K supplementation, calcimimetics, and vitamin D analogs may play a role in preserving vitamin K-dependent protein activity, thus contributing to bone and vascular health in CKD patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3188280
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 12
  • Scopus 22
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 21
social impact