Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) causes motor control alterations during daily life activities. Tripping during walking or stair climbing is the predominant cause of falls in the elderly subjects with DPN and without (NoDPN). Surface Electromyography (sEMG) has been shown to be a valid tool for detecting alterations of motor functions in subjects with DPN. This study aims at investigating the presence of functional alterations in diabetic subjects during stair climbing and at exploring the relationship between altered muscle activation and temporal parameter. Lower limb muscle activities, temporal parameters and speed were evaluated in 50 subjects (10 controls, 20 with DPN, 20 without DPN), while climbing up and down a stair, using sEMG, three-dimentional motion capture and force plates. Magnitude and timing of sEMG linear envelopes peaks were extracted. Level walking was used as reference condition for the comparison with step negotiation. sEMG, speed and temporal parameters revealed significant differences among all groups of patients. Results showed an association between earlier activation of lower limb muscles and reduced speed in subjects with DPN. Speed and temporal parameters significantly correlated with sEMG (p<0.05). The findings of this study are encouraging and could be used to improve rehabilitation programs aiming at reducing falls risk in diabetic subjects.

Altered EMG patterns in diabetic neuropathic and not neuropathic patients during step ascending and descending

SPOLAOR, FABIOLA;SAWACHA, ZIMI;DEL DIN, SILVIA;AVOGARO, ANGELO;COBELLI, CLAUDIO
2016

Abstract

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) causes motor control alterations during daily life activities. Tripping during walking or stair climbing is the predominant cause of falls in the elderly subjects with DPN and without (NoDPN). Surface Electromyography (sEMG) has been shown to be a valid tool for detecting alterations of motor functions in subjects with DPN. This study aims at investigating the presence of functional alterations in diabetic subjects during stair climbing and at exploring the relationship between altered muscle activation and temporal parameter. Lower limb muscle activities, temporal parameters and speed were evaluated in 50 subjects (10 controls, 20 with DPN, 20 without DPN), while climbing up and down a stair, using sEMG, three-dimentional motion capture and force plates. Magnitude and timing of sEMG linear envelopes peaks were extracted. Level walking was used as reference condition for the comparison with step negotiation. sEMG, speed and temporal parameters revealed significant differences among all groups of patients. Results showed an association between earlier activation of lower limb muscles and reduced speed in subjects with DPN. Speed and temporal parameters significantly correlated with sEMG (p<0.05). The findings of this study are encouraging and could be used to improve rehabilitation programs aiming at reducing falls risk in diabetic subjects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3215408
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