Mitral annulus (MA) geometry and dynamics are crucial for preserving normal mitral valve (MV) function. Static reference values for MA parameters have been reported, but the normal MA dynamics during the entire cardiac cycle remains controversial. MV full-volume datasets were obtained by three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography from 50 healthy volunteers (18-74 years; 31 men) to assess MA changes in size and shape during entire cardiac cycle. Using simultaneous multiplanar review, projected MA area (MAA) and circumference (MAC), antero-posterior (AP) and anterolateral-posteromedial (ALPM) diameters, and sphericity index (SphI) were obtained at: mitral valve closure (MVC), mid- and end-systole (ES), early- (EDF) and late-diastolic filling, and end-diastole. MAA and AP diameter were the most "active" parameters, changing in all reference frames (p < 0.001). MAA and AP diameter started to contract before MVC (during the left atrial contraction), reaching their minimum at MVC. Maximum MAA occurred at ES, while maximum AP diameter and SphI occurred at EDF. MAA fractional shortening was 35 ± 10 %. AP diameter change was 25 ± 10 %. MAC, ALPM and SphI showed similar patterns during left ventricular (LV) systole, and remained unchanged during diastole. Fractional change was 35 ± 10 % for MAC, and 13 ± 8 % for ALPM diameter. Our study provides the normal dynamics of the MA during the entire cardiac cycle. It reveals "pre-systolic" contraction of the MA, related to left atrial (LA) contraction, and minimal MAA during early LV systole. Therefore, the normal MA dynamics relates to a "physiologic LA-LV coupling", and a complete MA contraction requires both and properly timed LA and LV systole.

Normal mitral annulus dynamics and its relationships with left ventricular and left atrial function

MURARU, DENISA;PIASENTINI, ELEONORA;PELUSO, DILETTA MARIA;CUCCHINI, UMBERTO;ILICETO, SABINO;BADANO, LUIGI
2015

Abstract

Mitral annulus (MA) geometry and dynamics are crucial for preserving normal mitral valve (MV) function. Static reference values for MA parameters have been reported, but the normal MA dynamics during the entire cardiac cycle remains controversial. MV full-volume datasets were obtained by three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography from 50 healthy volunteers (18-74 years; 31 men) to assess MA changes in size and shape during entire cardiac cycle. Using simultaneous multiplanar review, projected MA area (MAA) and circumference (MAC), antero-posterior (AP) and anterolateral-posteromedial (ALPM) diameters, and sphericity index (SphI) were obtained at: mitral valve closure (MVC), mid- and end-systole (ES), early- (EDF) and late-diastolic filling, and end-diastole. MAA and AP diameter were the most "active" parameters, changing in all reference frames (p < 0.001). MAA and AP diameter started to contract before MVC (during the left atrial contraction), reaching their minimum at MVC. Maximum MAA occurred at ES, while maximum AP diameter and SphI occurred at EDF. MAA fractional shortening was 35 ± 10 %. AP diameter change was 25 ± 10 %. MAC, ALPM and SphI showed similar patterns during left ventricular (LV) systole, and remained unchanged during diastole. Fractional change was 35 ± 10 % for MAC, and 13 ± 8 % for ALPM diameter. Our study provides the normal dynamics of the MA during the entire cardiac cycle. It reveals "pre-systolic" contraction of the MA, related to left atrial (LA) contraction, and minimal MAA during early LV systole. Therefore, the normal MA dynamics relates to a "physiologic LA-LV coupling", and a complete MA contraction requires both and properly timed LA and LV systole.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3216245
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact