BACKGROUND: Recent European Association of Echocardiography and American Society of Echocardiography guidelines on three-dimensional echocardiography state that normal values of left ventricular (LV) parameters for age and body size remain to be established. METHODS: In 226 consecutive healthy subjects (125 women; age range, 18-76 years), comprehensive three-dimensional echocardiographic analyses of LV parameters were performed, and values were compared with those obtained by conventional echocardiography. RESULTS: Upper reference values (mean+ 2 SDs) for three-dimensional LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were 85 and 34 mL/m(2) in men and 72 and 28 mL/m(2) in women, respectively. Indexing LV volumes to body surface area did not eliminate gender differences. Lower reference values (mean - 2 SDs) for ejection fraction were 54% in men and 57% in women and for stroke volume were 25 and 24 mL/m(2), respectively. Upper reference values for LV mass were 97 g/m(2) in men and 90 g/m(2) in women and for end-diastolic sphericity index were 0.49 and 0.48, respectively. Significant age dependency of LV parameters was identified and reported across age groups. Three-dimensional echocardiographic LV volumes were larger, ejection fraction was similar, and LV stroke volume and mass were significantly smaller in comparison with the corresponding values obtained by conventional echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: The investigators report a comprehensive analysis of LV geometry and function using three-dimensional echocardiography in a relatively large cohort of healthy Caucasian subjects with a wide age range. These may serve to establish age-specific and gender-specific reference ranges, which are crucial for the routine implementation of three-dimensional echocardiography to detect LV remodeling and dysfunction in clinical practice.

Comprehensive analysis of left ventricular geometry and function by three-dimensional echocardiography in healthy adults

MURARU, DENISA
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
BADANO, LUIGI
Writing – Review & Editing
;
PELUSO, DILETTA MARIA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
DAL BIANCO, LUCIA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
ZOPPELLARO, GIACOMO
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
ILICETO, SABINO
Supervision
2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Recent European Association of Echocardiography and American Society of Echocardiography guidelines on three-dimensional echocardiography state that normal values of left ventricular (LV) parameters for age and body size remain to be established. METHODS: In 226 consecutive healthy subjects (125 women; age range, 18-76 years), comprehensive three-dimensional echocardiographic analyses of LV parameters were performed, and values were compared with those obtained by conventional echocardiography. RESULTS: Upper reference values (mean+ 2 SDs) for three-dimensional LV end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were 85 and 34 mL/m(2) in men and 72 and 28 mL/m(2) in women, respectively. Indexing LV volumes to body surface area did not eliminate gender differences. Lower reference values (mean - 2 SDs) for ejection fraction were 54% in men and 57% in women and for stroke volume were 25 and 24 mL/m(2), respectively. Upper reference values for LV mass were 97 g/m(2) in men and 90 g/m(2) in women and for end-diastolic sphericity index were 0.49 and 0.48, respectively. Significant age dependency of LV parameters was identified and reported across age groups. Three-dimensional echocardiographic LV volumes were larger, ejection fraction was similar, and LV stroke volume and mass were significantly smaller in comparison with the corresponding values obtained by conventional echocardiography. CONCLUSIONS: The investigators report a comprehensive analysis of LV geometry and function using three-dimensional echocardiography in a relatively large cohort of healthy Caucasian subjects with a wide age range. These may serve to establish age-specific and gender-specific reference ranges, which are crucial for the routine implementation of three-dimensional echocardiography to detect LV remodeling and dysfunction in clinical practice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3216374
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