AIMS: To explore the relationship between the mitral annular (MA) remodelling and dysfunction, mitral regurgitation (MR) severity, left ventricular (LV) and atrial (LA) size and function in patients with organic MR (OMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 52 patients (57 ± 15 years, 31 men) with mild to severe OMR and 52 controls underwent 3D transthoracic echocardiography acquisitions of the mitral valve (MV), LA, and LV. MA geometry and dynamics, LV and LA volumes, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and emptying fractions (LAEF) were assessed using dedicated software packages. LA and LV myocardial deformations were assessed using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography. OMR patients presented larger and more spherical MA than controls during the entire systole (P < 0.001). Although the MA non-planarity at early-systole was similar between OMR and controls (157 ± 13° vs. 153 ± 12°, P = NS), the MA became flatter from mid- to end-systole (153 ± 12 vs. 146 ± 10° and 157 ± 12 vs. 147 ± 8°, P < 0.01) in OMR. MA area fractional change was lower in patients with OMR (22 ± 5% vs. 28 ± 5%, P < 0.001), and correlated with the MR orifice and volume (r = -0.52 and r = -0.55). MA fractional area change correlated with LA minimum and maximum volumes (r = 0.77 and r = 0.70), total and active LAEF (r = 0.72 and r = 0.76), and LA negative strain and strain rate (r = 0.52 and r = 0.57), but not with the LVEF or LV global longitudinal strain. In a multivariate regression model using LAEF and LVEF, solely active LAEF correlated with the MA fractional area change (β = 0.51, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: In patients with OMR, MA reduced function correlates with the MR severity and the LA size and function, but not with the LV function.

Relationship between mitral annulus function and mitral regurgitation severity and left atrial remodelling in patients with primary mitral regurgitation

MURARU, DENISA;PIASENTINI, ELEONORA;ARUTA, PATRIZIA;CUCCHINI, UMBERTO;ILICETO, SABINO;BADANO, LUIGI
2016

Abstract

AIMS: To explore the relationship between the mitral annular (MA) remodelling and dysfunction, mitral regurgitation (MR) severity, left ventricular (LV) and atrial (LA) size and function in patients with organic MR (OMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 52 patients (57 ± 15 years, 31 men) with mild to severe OMR and 52 controls underwent 3D transthoracic echocardiography acquisitions of the mitral valve (MV), LA, and LV. MA geometry and dynamics, LV and LA volumes, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and emptying fractions (LAEF) were assessed using dedicated software packages. LA and LV myocardial deformations were assessed using 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography. OMR patients presented larger and more spherical MA than controls during the entire systole (P < 0.001). Although the MA non-planarity at early-systole was similar between OMR and controls (157 ± 13° vs. 153 ± 12°, P = NS), the MA became flatter from mid- to end-systole (153 ± 12 vs. 146 ± 10° and 157 ± 12 vs. 147 ± 8°, P < 0.01) in OMR. MA area fractional change was lower in patients with OMR (22 ± 5% vs. 28 ± 5%, P < 0.001), and correlated with the MR orifice and volume (r = -0.52 and r = -0.55). MA fractional area change correlated with LA minimum and maximum volumes (r = 0.77 and r = 0.70), total and active LAEF (r = 0.72 and r = 0.76), and LA negative strain and strain rate (r = 0.52 and r = 0.57), but not with the LVEF or LV global longitudinal strain. In a multivariate regression model using LAEF and LVEF, solely active LAEF correlated with the MA fractional area change (β = 0.51, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: In patients with OMR, MA reduced function correlates with the MR severity and the LA size and function, but not with the LV function.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3220493
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