Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT; EC 2.3.2.2) is the only enzyme capable of degrading glutathione (GSH) in extra-cytosolic spaces. In plant cells, the GGT1 and GGT2 isoforms are located in the apoplast, bound respectively to the cell wall and the plasma membrane. GGT1 is expressed throughout plants, mainly in the leaves and vascular system, while GGT2 is more specifically expressed in seeds and trichomes, and weakly in roots. Their role in plant physiology remains to be clarified, however. Obtaining the ggt1/ggt2 double mutant can offer more clues than the corresponding single mutants, and to prevent any compensatory expression between the two isoforms. In this work, ggt1/ggt2 RNAi (RNA interference) lines were generated and characterized in the tissues where both isoforms are expressed. The seed yield was lower in the ggt1/ggt2 RNAi plants due to the siliques being fewer in number and shorter in length, with no changes in thiols and sulfur compounds. Proline accumulation and delayed seed germination were seen in one line. There were also fewer trichomes (which contain high levels of GSH) in the RNAi lines than in the wild type, and the root elongation rate was slower. In conclusion, apoplastic GGT silencing induces a decrease in the number of organs with a high GSH demand (seeds and trichomes) as a result of resource reallocation to preserve integrity and composition.

Apoplastic gamma-glutamyl transferase activity encoded by GGT1 and GGT2 is important for vegetative and generative development

GIARETTA, SABRINA;PRASAD, DINESH;VAMERALI, TEOFILO;TRENTIN, ANNA RITA;MASI, ANTONIO
2017

Abstract

Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT; EC 2.3.2.2) is the only enzyme capable of degrading glutathione (GSH) in extra-cytosolic spaces. In plant cells, the GGT1 and GGT2 isoforms are located in the apoplast, bound respectively to the cell wall and the plasma membrane. GGT1 is expressed throughout plants, mainly in the leaves and vascular system, while GGT2 is more specifically expressed in seeds and trichomes, and weakly in roots. Their role in plant physiology remains to be clarified, however. Obtaining the ggt1/ggt2 double mutant can offer more clues than the corresponding single mutants, and to prevent any compensatory expression between the two isoforms. In this work, ggt1/ggt2 RNAi (RNA interference) lines were generated and characterized in the tissues where both isoforms are expressed. The seed yield was lower in the ggt1/ggt2 RNAi plants due to the siliques being fewer in number and shorter in length, with no changes in thiols and sulfur compounds. Proline accumulation and delayed seed germination were seen in one line. There were also fewer trichomes (which contain high levels of GSH) in the RNAi lines than in the wild type, and the root elongation rate was slower. In conclusion, apoplastic GGT silencing induces a decrease in the number of organs with a high GSH demand (seeds and trichomes) as a result of resource reallocation to preserve integrity and composition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3227518
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