STUDY OBJECTIVE: Sugammadex has been introduced for reversal of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) induced by rocuronium (or vecuronium). Although its efficacy and safety have been established, data are conflicting as to whether it accelerates discharge to the surgical ward compared with neostigmine, which is traditionally used for reversing NMB. The object of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to review the research comparing sugammadex and neostigmine in the context of patient discharge after general anesthesia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: University medical hospital. PATIENTS: Five-hundred eighteen patients from six studies were included. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials written in English. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted data regarding postoperative discharge, and assessed the trials' methodological quality and evidence level. Postoperative discharge time was determined from the operating room (OR) to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and from the PACU to the surgical ward. This study was conducted using PRISMA methodology. MEASUREMENTS: Time to discharge after NMB reversal with sugammadex or neostigmine. MAIN RESULTS: Compared with neostigmine, sugammadex was associated with a significantly faster discharge from the OR to the PACU (mean difference [MD]=22.14min, 95% CI (14.62, 29.67), P<0.0001, I2=0%) and from the PACU to the surgical ward (MD=16.95min, 95% CI (0.23, 33.67), P=0.0469, I2=98.4%). Similarly, discharge-readiness was shorter for sugammadex than for neostigmine from the OR to the PACU (MD=5.58min, 95% CI (3.03, 8.14), P≤0.0001, I2=0%). However, discharge-readiness was similar in both groups for patients moving from the PACU to the surgical ward (MD=-1.10min, 95% CI (-5.69, 3.50), P=0.6394, I2=25.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Results from this meta-analysis suggest that sugammadex accelerates postoperative discharge of patients after general anesthesia compared with neostigmine.

Role of sugammadex in accelerating postoperative discharge: A meta-analysis

CARRON, MICHELE;ZARANTONELLO, FRANCESCO;LAZZAROTTO, NADIA;TELLAROLI, PAOLA;ORI, CARLO
2017

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Sugammadex has been introduced for reversal of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) induced by rocuronium (or vecuronium). Although its efficacy and safety have been established, data are conflicting as to whether it accelerates discharge to the surgical ward compared with neostigmine, which is traditionally used for reversing NMB. The object of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to review the research comparing sugammadex and neostigmine in the context of patient discharge after general anesthesia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: University medical hospital. PATIENTS: Five-hundred eighteen patients from six studies were included. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials written in English. Two reviewers independently selected the studies, extracted data regarding postoperative discharge, and assessed the trials' methodological quality and evidence level. Postoperative discharge time was determined from the operating room (OR) to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and from the PACU to the surgical ward. This study was conducted using PRISMA methodology. MEASUREMENTS: Time to discharge after NMB reversal with sugammadex or neostigmine. MAIN RESULTS: Compared with neostigmine, sugammadex was associated with a significantly faster discharge from the OR to the PACU (mean difference [MD]=22.14min, 95% CI (14.62, 29.67), P<0.0001, I2=0%) and from the PACU to the surgical ward (MD=16.95min, 95% CI (0.23, 33.67), P=0.0469, I2=98.4%). Similarly, discharge-readiness was shorter for sugammadex than for neostigmine from the OR to the PACU (MD=5.58min, 95% CI (3.03, 8.14), P≤0.0001, I2=0%). However, discharge-readiness was similar in both groups for patients moving from the PACU to the surgical ward (MD=-1.10min, 95% CI (-5.69, 3.50), P=0.6394, I2=25.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Results from this meta-analysis suggest that sugammadex accelerates postoperative discharge of patients after general anesthesia compared with neostigmine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3231796
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