This study investigated Ki t receptor dysregulations (cytoplasmic immunohistochemical expression and/or c-KIT mutations) in cats affected with splenic mast cell tumours. Twenty-two cats were included. Median survival time was 780 days (range: 1–1219). An exclusive splenic involvement was significantly (P = 0.042) associated with longer survival (807 versus 120 days). Eighteen tumours (85.7%) showed Kit cytoplasmic expression (Kit pattern 2, 3). Mutation analysis was successful in 20 cases. Fourteen missense mutations were detected in 13 out of 20 tumours (65%). Eleven (78.6%) were located in exon 8, and three (21.6%) in exon 9. No mutations were detected in exons 11 and 17. Seven mutations corresponded to the same internal tandem duplication in exon 8 (c.1245_1256dup). Although the association between Kit cytoplasmic expression and mutations was significant, immunohistochemistry cannot be considered a surrogate marker for mutation analysis. No correlation was observed between c-Kit mutations and tumour differentiation, mitotic activity or survival.

Kit receptor tyrosine kinase dysregulations in feline splenic mast cell tumours

GIANTIN, MERY;DACASTO, MAURO;
2017

Abstract

This study investigated Ki t receptor dysregulations (cytoplasmic immunohistochemical expression and/or c-KIT mutations) in cats affected with splenic mast cell tumours. Twenty-two cats were included. Median survival time was 780 days (range: 1–1219). An exclusive splenic involvement was significantly (P = 0.042) associated with longer survival (807 versus 120 days). Eighteen tumours (85.7%) showed Kit cytoplasmic expression (Kit pattern 2, 3). Mutation analysis was successful in 20 cases. Fourteen missense mutations were detected in 13 out of 20 tumours (65%). Eleven (78.6%) were located in exon 8, and three (21.6%) in exon 9. No mutations were detected in exons 11 and 17. Seven mutations corresponded to the same internal tandem duplication in exon 8 (c.1245_1256dup). Although the association between Kit cytoplasmic expression and mutations was significant, immunohistochemistry cannot be considered a surrogate marker for mutation analysis. No correlation was observed between c-Kit mutations and tumour differentiation, mitotic activity or survival.
1476-5810
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3243143
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