BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been reported related to the impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We aimed to assess the prognosis of TAVI-treated patients according to the presence of pre-existing or new-onset AF. METHODS: Studies published between April 2002 and November 2016 and reporting outcomes of pre-existing AF, new-onset AF, or sinus rhythm in patients undergoing TAVI were identified with an electronic search. Pairwise and network meta-analysis were performed. Outcomes of interest were short- and long-term mortality, stroke, and major bleeding. RESULTS: Eleven studies (11,033 individuals) were eligible. Compared to sinus rhythm, short-term and long-term mortality were significantly higher in new-onset AF (short-term OR 2.9, P=.002; long-term OR 2.3, P<.0001) and pre-existing AF groups (short-term OR 2.7, P=.004; long-term OR 2.8, P<.0001). Compared to sinus rhythm, new-onset AF increased the risk of stroke at early (OR 2.1, P<.0001) and late follow-up (OR 1.92, P<.0001), and the risk of early bleedings (OR 1.65, P=.002), while pre-existing AF increased the risk of late stroke (OR 1.3, P=0.03), but not the risk of bleeding. Compared to pre-existing AF, new-onset AF correlated with higher risk of early stroke (OR 1.7, P=.002) and major bleedings (OR 1.7, P=.002). CONCLUSIONS: AF is associated with impaired outcomes after TAVI, including mortality, stroke and (limited to new-onset AF) major bleedings. Compared to pre-existing AF, new-onset AF correlates with higher risk of early stroke and major bleedings. Improved management of AF in the TAVI setting, including tailored antithrombotic treatment strategies, remains a relevant need.

Impact of atrial fibrillation on outcomes of patients treated by transcatheter aortic valve implantation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mojoli, Marco;Barioli, Alberto;Masiero, Giulia;Tellaroli, Paola;D'amico, Gianpiero;Tarantini, Giuseppe
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Conflicting data have been reported related to the impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We aimed to assess the prognosis of TAVI-treated patients according to the presence of pre-existing or new-onset AF. METHODS: Studies published between April 2002 and November 2016 and reporting outcomes of pre-existing AF, new-onset AF, or sinus rhythm in patients undergoing TAVI were identified with an electronic search. Pairwise and network meta-analysis were performed. Outcomes of interest were short- and long-term mortality, stroke, and major bleeding. RESULTS: Eleven studies (11,033 individuals) were eligible. Compared to sinus rhythm, short-term and long-term mortality were significantly higher in new-onset AF (short-term OR 2.9, P=.002; long-term OR 2.3, P<.0001) and pre-existing AF groups (short-term OR 2.7, P=.004; long-term OR 2.8, P<.0001). Compared to sinus rhythm, new-onset AF increased the risk of stroke at early (OR 2.1, P<.0001) and late follow-up (OR 1.92, P<.0001), and the risk of early bleedings (OR 1.65, P=.002), while pre-existing AF increased the risk of late stroke (OR 1.3, P=0.03), but not the risk of bleeding. Compared to pre-existing AF, new-onset AF correlated with higher risk of early stroke (OR 1.7, P=.002) and major bleedings (OR 1.7, P=.002). CONCLUSIONS: AF is associated with impaired outcomes after TAVI, including mortality, stroke and (limited to new-onset AF) major bleedings. Compared to pre-existing AF, new-onset AF correlates with higher risk of early stroke and major bleedings. Improved management of AF in the TAVI setting, including tailored antithrombotic treatment strategies, remains a relevant need.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3243399
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