The neuron-restricted isoform 3 of the plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase plays a major role in the regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis in the brain, where the precise control of Ca2+ signaling is a necessity. Several function-affecting genetic mutations in the PMCA3 pump associated to X-linked congenital cerebellar ataxias have indeed been described. Interestingly, the presence of co-occurring mutations in additional genes suggest their synergistic action in generating the neurological phenotype as digenic modulators of the role of PMCA3 in the pathologies. Here we report a novel PMCA3 mutation (G733R substitution) in the catalytic P-domain of the pump in a patient affected by non-progressive ataxia, muscular hypotonia, dysmetria and nystagmus. Biochemical studies of the pump have revealed impaired ability to control cellular Ca2+ handling both under basal and under stimulated conditions. A combined analysis by homology modeling and molecular dynamics have revealed a role for the mutated residue in maintaining the correct 3D configuration of the local structure of the pump. Mutation analysis in the patient has revealed two additional function-impairing compound heterozygous missense mutations (R123Q and G214S substitution) in phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2), a protein that catalyzes the isomerization of mannose 6-phosphate to mannose 1-phosphate. These mutations are known to be associated with Type Ia congenital disorder of glycosylation (PMM2-CDG), the most common group of disorders of N-glycosylation. The findings highlight the association of PMCA3 mutations to cerebellar ataxia and strengthen the possibility that PMCAs act as digenic modulators in Ca2+-linked pathologies.

A novel PMCA3 mutation in an ataxic patient with hypomorphic phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2) heterozygote mutations: Biochemical characterization of the pump defect

Vicario, Mattia;Calì, Tito;Cieri, Domenico;Vallese, Francesca;Bortolotto, Raissa;Lopreiato, Raffaele;Zonta, Francesco;Zanotti, Giuseppe;Brini, Marisa
;
Carafoli, Ernesto
2017

Abstract

The neuron-restricted isoform 3 of the plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase plays a major role in the regulation of Ca2+ homeostasis in the brain, where the precise control of Ca2+ signaling is a necessity. Several function-affecting genetic mutations in the PMCA3 pump associated to X-linked congenital cerebellar ataxias have indeed been described. Interestingly, the presence of co-occurring mutations in additional genes suggest their synergistic action in generating the neurological phenotype as digenic modulators of the role of PMCA3 in the pathologies. Here we report a novel PMCA3 mutation (G733R substitution) in the catalytic P-domain of the pump in a patient affected by non-progressive ataxia, muscular hypotonia, dysmetria and nystagmus. Biochemical studies of the pump have revealed impaired ability to control cellular Ca2+ handling both under basal and under stimulated conditions. A combined analysis by homology modeling and molecular dynamics have revealed a role for the mutated residue in maintaining the correct 3D configuration of the local structure of the pump. Mutation analysis in the patient has revealed two additional function-impairing compound heterozygous missense mutations (R123Q and G214S substitution) in phosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2), a protein that catalyzes the isomerization of mannose 6-phosphate to mannose 1-phosphate. These mutations are known to be associated with Type Ia congenital disorder of glycosylation (PMM2-CDG), the most common group of disorders of N-glycosylation. The findings highlight the association of PMCA3 mutations to cerebellar ataxia and strengthen the possibility that PMCAs act as digenic modulators in Ca2+-linked pathologies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3250104
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