The design, synthesis, characterization and biological properties of a Pt(iv) complex containing the very active inhibitor of histone deacetylase (2-propynyl)octanoic acid, POA, as an axial ligand are reported here. The title complex, namely (OC-6-44)-acetatodiamminedichlorido(2-(2-propynyl)octanoato)platinum(iv), 1, containing POA in racemic or in enantiomeric forms, was one/two orders of magnitude more active than cisplatin, depending on the chemo-sensitivity of the cancer cell lines. Moreover, 1 exhibited similar or even better antiproliferative activity than (OC-6-33)-diamminedichloridobis(2-propylpentanoato)platinum(iv), 2, containing two molecules of the well-known histone deacetylase inhibitor 2-propylpentanoic (valproic) acid. The high potency of 1 is likely due to its high cellular accumulation and to the synergism between the DNA-damaging cisplatin and the histone deacetylase inhibitor POA, both released upon the intracellular reduction of 1. Prodrug 1, after oral administration, caused an impressive reduction of the tumor mass (94%) in a model of solid tumor (murine Lewis lung carcinoma), compared to that of the control, whereas (intraperitoneal) cisplatin induced a tumor regression of 75% only. A good accumulation of 1 was observed in the tumor mass. The time course of the body weight attested that cisplatin induced elevated anorexia, whereas treatment with 1 did not induce significant body weight loss throughout the therapeutic experiment.

An unsymmetric cisplatin-based Pt(IV) derIVatIVe containing 2-(2-propynyl)octanoate: A very efficient multi-action antitumor prodrug candidate

Gandin, Valentina;Marzano, Cristina;
2017

Abstract

The design, synthesis, characterization and biological properties of a Pt(iv) complex containing the very active inhibitor of histone deacetylase (2-propynyl)octanoic acid, POA, as an axial ligand are reported here. The title complex, namely (OC-6-44)-acetatodiamminedichlorido(2-(2-propynyl)octanoato)platinum(iv), 1, containing POA in racemic or in enantiomeric forms, was one/two orders of magnitude more active than cisplatin, depending on the chemo-sensitivity of the cancer cell lines. Moreover, 1 exhibited similar or even better antiproliferative activity than (OC-6-33)-diamminedichloridobis(2-propylpentanoato)platinum(iv), 2, containing two molecules of the well-known histone deacetylase inhibitor 2-propylpentanoic (valproic) acid. The high potency of 1 is likely due to its high cellular accumulation and to the synergism between the DNA-damaging cisplatin and the histone deacetylase inhibitor POA, both released upon the intracellular reduction of 1. Prodrug 1, after oral administration, caused an impressive reduction of the tumor mass (94%) in a model of solid tumor (murine Lewis lung carcinoma), compared to that of the control, whereas (intraperitoneal) cisplatin induced a tumor regression of 75% only. A good accumulation of 1 was observed in the tumor mass. The time course of the body weight attested that cisplatin induced elevated anorexia, whereas treatment with 1 did not induce significant body weight loss throughout the therapeutic experiment.
2017
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11577/3251188
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 40
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 39
social impact