This article is an as simple as possible key of classification of terrestrial (aerobic, not submersed) topsoils (or- ganic and organic-mineral series of soil horizons). Based on the introduction exposed in Humusica 1, article 1, and using vocabulary and definitions listed in article 4, a classification is proposed for better understanding the biological functioning of the soil, partially disclosing the process of litter digestion. Five types of terrestrial topsoils, called terrestrial humus systems, are described and illustrated with the help of photographs. Within each humus system, 3–4 humus forms are also revealed, corresponding to similar series of soil horizons gen- erated in a relatively homogeneous environment whose range of ecological factors is not so large to overstep and cause the genesis of another different humus system. The article ends with a figure that shows the relationship between Tangel and Amphi humus systems, and a dichotomous key of classification that one can easily print and bring in the field for practicing humus classification.

Humusica 1, article 5: Terrestrial humus systems and forms - Keys of classification of humus systems and forms

Zanella, Augusto
;
Zampedri, Roberto;Menardi, Roberto;Fausto, Fontanella;Carraro, Vinicio;Pizzeghello, Diego;Concheri, Giuseppe;Squartini, Andrea;Cattaneo, Dina;Scattolin, Linda;Nardi, Serenella;Viola, Franco
2018

Abstract

This article is an as simple as possible key of classification of terrestrial (aerobic, not submersed) topsoils (or- ganic and organic-mineral series of soil horizons). Based on the introduction exposed in Humusica 1, article 1, and using vocabulary and definitions listed in article 4, a classification is proposed for better understanding the biological functioning of the soil, partially disclosing the process of litter digestion. Five types of terrestrial topsoils, called terrestrial humus systems, are described and illustrated with the help of photographs. Within each humus system, 3–4 humus forms are also revealed, corresponding to similar series of soil horizons gen- erated in a relatively homogeneous environment whose range of ecological factors is not so large to overstep and cause the genesis of another different humus system. The article ends with a figure that shows the relationship between Tangel and Amphi humus systems, and a dichotomous key of classification that one can easily print and bring in the field for practicing humus classification.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3252690
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