We investigate the application and performance of high-order approximation techniques to one-dimensional nonlocal elastic rods. Governing equations and corresponding discrete forms are derived for the integro-differential formulation proposed by Eringen and the laplacian-based strain gradient formulation developed by Aifantis and coworkers. Accuracy and convergence rate of the numerical solutions obtained with Lagrange, Hermite, B-spline finite elements and C∞ generalized finite elements are assessed against the corresponding analytical solutions.
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