Low-friction mold surface coatings can be used to promote filling of thin-wall parts through reduction of the melt flow resistance by causing wall slip at the polymer-mold interface. This work investigates the effects of different mold coatings (DLC, CrN and CrTiNbN) on the flow resistance of molten polystyrene in thin-wall injection molding. The design of the mold allowed high-speed visualization of the molten polymer flow during the filling phase and measurement of the velocity profile across the cavity thickness. The evaluation of the speed profiles allowed the characterization of the wall-slip phenomenon, indicating the absence of conventional ‘fountain-flow’ filling mechanism. The results indicate that a DLC deposited on a chrome substrate can significantly reduce the flow resistance of polystyrene, by increasing the slip velocity of polymer melt in contact with the mold surface. Moreover, the contact angle of molten polystyrene over the considered coatings was found to be inversely proportional to the melt flow resistance, indicating the importance of the adhesion at the polymer-mold interface.

Thin-wall injection molding of polystyrene parts with coated and uncoated cavities

Masato, Davide
;
Sorgato, Marco;Lucchetta, Giovanni
2018

Abstract

Low-friction mold surface coatings can be used to promote filling of thin-wall parts through reduction of the melt flow resistance by causing wall slip at the polymer-mold interface. This work investigates the effects of different mold coatings (DLC, CrN and CrTiNbN) on the flow resistance of molten polystyrene in thin-wall injection molding. The design of the mold allowed high-speed visualization of the molten polymer flow during the filling phase and measurement of the velocity profile across the cavity thickness. The evaluation of the speed profiles allowed the characterization of the wall-slip phenomenon, indicating the absence of conventional ‘fountain-flow’ filling mechanism. The results indicate that a DLC deposited on a chrome substrate can significantly reduce the flow resistance of polystyrene, by increasing the slip velocity of polymer melt in contact with the mold surface. Moreover, the contact angle of molten polystyrene over the considered coatings was found to be inversely proportional to the melt flow resistance, indicating the importance of the adhesion at the polymer-mold interface.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11577/3253934
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